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Table 3 Association between use of hospital services and studied variables, among women

From: Self-rated health and hospital services use in the Spanish National Health System: a longitudinal study

Women Simple analysisa Adjusted by agea Analysis adjusting for all variables, not including SRHa,b Lc = 177.7; df = 7 Analysis adjusting for all variables, including SRHa,b Lc = 198.3; df = 9
Age 21–44 1 - 1 1
45–64 1.4 (1.2–1.8) 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1.1 (0.8–1.4)
65–84 3.4 (2.7–4.2) 2.5 (1.9–3.2) 2.2 (1.7–2.9)
85+ 4.8 (3.0–7.8) 3.4 (2.0–5.7) 2.7 (1.6–4.6)
Self-rated health Good 1 1 - 1
Poor 2.6 (2.2–3.1) 1.9 (1.5–2.3) 2.6 (1.7–4.0)
Chronic disease No 1 1 1 1
Yes 2.4 (1.9–3.0) 1.8 (1.4–2.2) 1.6 (1.3–2.0) 1.4 (1.1–1.8)
Disability No 1 1 1 1
Yes 2.9 (2.2–3.7) 1.8 (1.3–2.4) 1.6 (1.2–2.1) 1.5 (1.1–2.0)
Employment status Working 1 1 NS NS
Not working 1.7 (1.4–2.1) 1.0 (0.8–1.3)
Educational Level Higher than primary 1 1 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1
Primary or lower 1.9 (1.5–2.3) 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1.4 (1.0–1.8)
Income level Medium-high 1 1 NS NS
Low 1.5 (1.3–1.9) 1.2 (0.9–1.4)
Previous use of hospital services Yes 1 1 1 1
No 1.6 (1.3–1.9) 1.5 (1.2–1.8) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) 1.3 (1.1–1.6)
Country of birth Other 1 1 NS NS
Spain 1.4 (1.0–2.0) 1.2 (0.8–1.6)
Educational level: Higher than primary Good health - - - 1
Poor health 2.6 (1.7–4.0)
Educational level: Primary or lower Good health 1
Poor health 1.3 (1.0–1.5)
  1. aOdds ratios (95 % confidence interval). Statistically significant odds ratios in bold, P <0.05
  2. bFinal model included only variables with significant adjusted effects
  3. cL Likelihood ratio test for assessing significance of likelihood increase for the model vs. the model with only a constant
  4. Abbreviations: SRH self-rated health, df degrees of freedom, NS not significant