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Table 2 Association between use of hospital services and studied variables, among men

From: Self-rated health and hospital services use in the Spanish National Health System: a longitudinal study

Men Simple analysisa Adjusted by agea Analysis adjusting for all variables, not including SRHb Lc = 206.6; df = 6 Analysis adjusting for all variables, including SRHb Lc = 219.9; df = 8
Age 21–44 1 - 1 1
45–64 1.8 (1.4–2.2) 1.5 (1.2–1.9) 1.4 (1.1–1.8)
65–84 5.9 (4.6–7.6) 3.5 (2.4–5.1) 3.4 (2.3–5.0)
85+ 5.3 (2.4–11.8) 3.1 (1.3–7.4) 3.0 (1.2–7.3)
Self-rated health Good 1 1   1
Poor 2.7 (2.2–3.3) 1.8 (1.4–2.2)   0.7 (0.3–1.5)
Chronic disease No 1 1 1 1
Yes 2.1 (1.7–2.6) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) 1.3 (1.1–1.7) 1.1 (0.8–1.4)
Disability No 1 1 NS NS
Yes 2.4 (1.8–3.2) 1.4 (0.9–1.9)
Employment status Working 1 1 1 1
Not working 3.3 (2.7–4.1) 1.5 (1.1–2.0) 1.5 (1.1.–2.0) 1.4 (1.0–1.9)
Educational Level Higher than primary 1 1 NS NS
Primary or lower 1.9 (1.5–2.3) 1.3 (1.0–1.6)
Income level Medium-high 1 1 1 1
Low 1.6 (1.3–2.0) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) 1.3 (1.0–1.6) 1.3 (1.0–1.6)
Previous use of hospital services Yes 1 1 NS NS
No 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 1.2 (1.0–1.5)
Country of birth Other 1 1 NS NS
Spain 1.9 (1.3–2.7) 1.5 (1.0–2.2)
Chronic disease NO Good health - -   1
Poor health    0.7 (0.3–1.5)
Chronic disease YES Good health    1
Poor health    1.7 (1.3–2.5)
  1. aOdds ratios (95 % confidence interval). Statistically significant odds ratios in bold, P <0.05
  2. bFinal model included only variables with significant adjusted effects
  3. cL Likelihood ratio test for assessing significance of likelihood increase for the model vs. the model with only a constant
  4. Abbreviations: SRH self-rated health; df, degrees of freedom, NS not significant