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Table 1 Frequency and percentage distributions of hospital service use by sex, according to explanatory variable categories

From: Self-rated health and hospital services use in the Spanish National Health System: a longitudinal study

Explanatory variables (missing dataa) Use of hospital services
Men Women Total
n % n % n %
Total sample   585 22.6 599 22.3 1184 22.4
Self-rated health (18) Good 372 18.4 317 17.0 689 17.7
Poor 211 37.5 279 34.7 490 35.9
Age (9) 21-44 191 14.0 200 15.4 391 14.7
45-64 175 22.5 161 20.7 336 21.6
65-84 207 48.8 203 38.2 410 43.0
85+ 12 46.2 33 46.5 45 46.4
Employment status (168) Working 274 15.6 173 16.3 447 15.8
Not working 286 37.9 386 25.3 672 29.5
Educational level (75) Primary or lower 419 26.6 444 26.0 863 26.3
Higher than primary 158 16.1 149 15.8 307 16.0
Income level (505) Medium-high 324 20.1 307 19.7 631 19.9
Low 216 29.2 235 27.4 451 28.2
Country of birth (284) Spain 523 23.7 510 22.4 1033 23.0
Other 36 14.5 43 17.1 79 15.8
Chronic disease (4) Yes 391 28.6 480 26.8 871 27.6
No 195 15.8 118 13.3 313 14.8
Disability (7) Yes 86 38.7 111 41.9 197 40.5
No 498 21.0 487 20.2 985 20.6
Previous use of hospital services (11) Yes 303 26.7 366 25.9 669 26.3
No 282 19.3 232 18.3 514 18.9
  1. aTotal number of people who responded “Don’t know” or did not provide an answer