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Table 5 Mediation: adjusted effects of socio-cultural capital and economic capital on child health-seeking behaviours

From: Socio-economic inequalities in curative health-seeking for children in Egypt: analysis of the 2008 Demographic and Health Survey

Outcome (1) Direct effect of socio-cultural capital (2) Direct effect of economic capital (3) Total effect of socio-cultural capital (4) % of total effect of socio-cultural capital mediated by economic capital
  OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) ΣΔp (95 % CI) % (95 % CI)
Diarrhoea
 Sought treatment 0.98 (0.71 to 1.35) 1.33 (0.96 to 1.83) 0.02 (−0.03 to 0.08) Not applicable
 Timely treatment 1.50 (0.98 to 2.27) 0.93 (0.60 to 1.44) 0.07 (0.01 to 0.14) 0 %
 Private treatment 1.05 (0.70 to 1.57) 1.99 (1.26 to 3.13) 0.05 (0.00 to 0.10) 92 % (0 % to 100 %)
ARI
 Sought treatment 1.20 (0.81 to 1.77) 1.06 (0.70 to 1.61) 0.03 (−0.02 to 0.07) Not applicable
 Timely treatment 1.23 (0.86 to 1.78) 1.18 (0.81 to 1.73) 0.07 (0.00 to 0.13) 28 % (15 % to 100 %)
 Private treatment 0.95 (0.65 to 1.39) 2.66 (1.57 to 4.52) 0.06 (0.01 to 0.11) 99 % (64 % to 100 %)
  1. OR Odds ratio associated with one unit increase in score. ARI Acute respiratory infection. 95%CI 95 % confidence interval. ΣΔp Total effect of socio-cultural capital expressed as sum of the changes in probability of outcome based on both indirect (mediated by economic capital) and direct effects