Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Adjusted effects of socio-cultural capital and economic capital on child health-seeking behaviours for diarrhoea

From: Socio-economic inequalities in curative health-seeking for children in Egypt: analysis of the 2008 Demographic and Health Survey

Variable   Reported symptoms Sought treatment Timely treatment Private treatment
  Sample 9,994 837 517 517
   OR (95 % CI) p OR (95 % CI) p OR (95 % CI) p OR (95 % CI) p
Socio-cultural capitala 0.93 (0.80–1.07) 0.305 0.98 (0.71–1.35) 0.890 1.50 (0.98–2.27) 0.059 1.05 (0.70–1.57) 0.802
Economic capitala 0.98 (0.81–1.17) 0.787 1.33 (0.96–1.83) 0.082 0.93 (0.60–1.44) 0.747 1.99 (1.26–3.13) 0.003
Child age in months 0–5 0.57 (0.44–0.74) <0.001 0.83 (0.50–1.39) 0.478 1.04 (0.59–1.83) 0.893 0.88 (0.42–1.81) 0.722
  6–11 1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
  12–23 0.51 (0.42–0.63) <0.001 0.82 (0.54–1.25) 0.351 0.84 (0.49–1.45) 0.527 0.82 (0.45–1.50) 0.578
  24–35 0.30 (0.23–0.38) <0.001 0.50 (0.31–0.81) 0.005 1.39 (0.71–2.72) 0.334 0.95 (0.45–2.01) 0.893
  36–47 0.14 (0.11–0.19) <0.001 0.51 (0.28–0.93) 0.028 1.68 (0.77–3.70) 0.194 0.38 (0.17–0.84) 0.018
  48–59 0.12 (0.09–0.17) <0.001 0.55 (0.29–1.06) 0.074 1.15 (0.42–3.15) 0.785 0.68 (0.28–1.63) 0.383
Child sex Male 1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
  Female 0.90 (0.77–1.04) 0.168 0.97 (0.71–1.34) 0.861 1.11 (0.74–1.67) 0.626 1.50 (0.98–2.30) 0.061
Preceding birth interval <24 months 1.02 (0.80–1.32) 0825 0.72 (0.44–1.19) 0.200 1.37 (0.71–2.66) 0.349 0.71 (0.35–1.45) 0.348
  24–47 months 1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
  ≥48 months 0.94 (0.74–1.19) 0.599 1.00 (0.62–1.62) 0.984 1.23 (0.65–2.30) 0.521 1.06 (0.52–2.18) 0.868
  Only child 0.91 (0.72–1.16) 0.455 0.94 (0.60–1.48) 0.790 1.14 (0.58–2.23) 0.704 1.40 (0.66–2.96) 0.377
Mother’s age group 14–19 1.36 (1.00–1.84) 0.043 1.06 (0.63–1.78) 0.826 1.48 (0.70–3.13) 0.299 1.18 (0.53–2.66) 0.686
  20–24 1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
  25–29 0.89 (0.72–1.11) 0.302 0.98 (0.65–1.49) 0.941 1.17 (0.70–2.00) 0.556 0.81 (0.44–1.49) 0.498
  30–34 0.93 (0.71–1.22) 0.628 0.76 (0.45–1.28) 0.298 0.90 (0.45–1.80) 0.770 0.97 (0.44–2.13) 0.938
  35–39 0.70 (0.49–1.00) 0.054 1.07 (0.52–2.21) 0.815 0.87 (0.32–2.37) 0.781 0.65 (0.24–1.72) 0.381
  40–49 0.69 (0.40–2.20) 0.192 0.89 (0.26–2.98) 0.873 0.26 (0.07–0.97) 0.045 0.68 (0.16–2.87) 0.601
Mother female head status Yes 1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
  No 0.92 (0.73–1.16) 0.505 0.98 (0.61–1.58) 0.939 0.53 (0.28–0.99) 0.049 1.41 (0.69–2.88) 0.347
Children <5 in household 1 1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
  2 0.86 (0.69–1.06) 0.153 0.83 (0.55–1.24) 0.359 0.89 (0.50–1.58) 0.695 0.82 (0.44–1.55) 0.545
  3/4 0.81 (0.62–1.05) 0.108 1.12 (0.61–2.06) 0.720 0.90 (0.42–1.93) 0.786 1.50 (0.63–3.54) 0.356
Region Urban 1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
  Rural 0.79 (0.64–0.99) 0.036 1.29 (0.87–1.90) 0.200 1.74 (1.05–2.87) 0.031 1.15 (0.64–2.06) 0.644
Month of interview March 2.03 (1.62–2.53) <0.001      1.06 (0.62–1.80) 0.838
  April 1 (ref)       1 (ref)  
  May/June 1.00 (0.80–1.27) 0.951      0.60 (0.31–1.14) 0.121
Blood in stool No    1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
  Yes    2.25 (1.10–4.62) 0.027 0.86 (0.38–1.95) 0.718 0.63 (0.28–1.42) 0.261
Fever in recall period No    1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
  Yes    1.60 (1.08–2.38) 0.020 1.33 (0.84–2.11) 0.227 0.87 (0.50–1.51) 0.621
ARI in recall period No    1 (ref)   1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
  Yes    2.19 (1.37–3.51) 0.001 0.63 (0.38–1.06) 0.082 0.92 (0.53–1.61) 0.773
Timely diarrhoea treatment No        1 (ref)  
  Yes        2.08 (1.29–3.34) 0.003
  1. OR Odds ratio. P-value of Wald test. ARI Acute respiratory infection. 95%CI 95 % confidence interval. Weighted sample sizes reported
  2. aOdds of health-seeking behaviour under investigation associated with one unit increase in standardised score