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Table 1 Demographic Health and Development indicators of Ethiopia

From: A survey of Ethiopian physicians’ experiences of bedside rationing: extensive resource scarcity, tough decisions and adverse consequences

Total population 95.9 milliona
Life expectancy at birth (years) 62a
Total fertility rate 4.1a
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 420a
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 50a
Under-5 mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 68a
Stunting in children under 5 years of age 40.1 %b
Hospital to population ratio 1:564173a
Number of hospitals (by levels/types) 125a
Physicians (GPs and Specialist) to population ratio 1:32132a
Total number of general practitioners 1213a
Total number of Specialists 331a
Health expenditure as % of GDP 4.7c
Per capital total expenditure on health US$ 20.77d
Out of pocket payments (as % of total health expenditure) 34 %d
  1. Sources:
  2. a Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministry of Health, Ministry of Health Health and Health Related Indicators November 2014 http://www.moh.gov.et/documents/26765/0/Health+and+Health+Related+Indicators+2005+E.C/1b5b2a9f-a960-4024-8d92-519195364023?version=1.0
  3. b Central Statistics Agency [Ethiopia] Mini Demographic and Health Survey August 2014 http://www.unicef.org/ethiopia/Mini_DHS_2014__Final_Report.pdf
  4. c UNDP – hdr.undp.org/en/data
  5. d Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministry of Health, Fifth National Health Accounts, 2010/2011. Addis Ababa. Ethiopia, https://www.hfgproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Ethiopia-NHA-Findings-Briefing-Notes.pdf