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Table 4 Characteristics of the subgroups and tests of differences between groups

From: Collaboration processes and perceived effectiveness of integrated care projects in primary care: a longitudinal mixed-methods study

  Total Subgroup 1 United Integration Perspectives (UIP) Subgroup 2 Disunited Integration Perspectives (DIP) Subgroup 3 Professional-oriented Integration Perspectives (PIP) Subgroup differences
n (%) 42 16 (38.1) 9 (21.4) 17 (40.5) F-tests
Degree of integration - mean (SD)      Multivariate F (6, 76) = 25.95***
 System integration 2.69 (0.38) 3.00 (0.00)a 2.89 (0.22)a 2.29 (0.25)b F (2, 39) = 26.67***
 Organisational integration 3.29 (0.34) 3.52 (0.17)a 2.87 (0.22)b 3.30 (0.29)c F (2, 39) = 21.58***
 Professional integration 3.52 (0.28) 3.61 (0.19)a 3.23 (0.26)b 3.60 (0.28)a F (2, 39) = 9.18**
Change in collaboration process - mean (SD)      Multivariate F (10, 72) = 1.57
 Shared ambition 0.01 (0.10) 0.02 (0.06) −0.03 (0.10) 0.02 (0.10) F(2, 39) = 0.96
 Mutual gains −0.00 (0.12) 0.04 (0.09)a −0.10 (0.11)b 0.01 (0.12) F(2, 39) = 4.44*
 Relationship dynamics 0.03 (0.10) 0.05 (0.07)a −0.05 (0.12)b 0.04 (0.10) F(2, 39) = 3.82*
 Organisation dynamics 0.03 (0.12) 0.06 (0.09)a −0.08 (0.12)b 0.05 (0.11)a F(2, 39) = 5.42**
 Process management 0.03 (0.12) 0.04 (0.09) −0.07 (0.14)a 0.08 (0.10)b F(2, 39) = 5.68**
Perceived effectiveness - mean (SD)      Multivariate F (6, 70) = 4.93***
 System level 3.76 (0.66) 4.07 (0.46)a 3.22 (0.97)b 3.76 (0.44) F(2, 38) = 5.63**
 Organisational level 7.20 (0.84) 7.72 (0.37)a 6.2 (0.93)b 7.23 (0.66)a F(2, 39) = 16.43***
 Professional level 4.01 (0.33) 4.02 (0.28) 3.71 (0.18)a 4.15 (0.36)b F(2, 36) = 5.70**
  1. * = p < .05; ** = p < .01; *** = p < .001. Means that do not share the same subscript (a, b or c) differ in the Bonferroni-adjusted post-hoc comparisons (p < .05)