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Table 3 Organisation-based sources and types of knowledge mentioned in interviews or observed

From: Evidence based policy making and the ‘art’ of commissioning – how English healthcare commissioners access and use information and academic research in ‘real life’ decision-making: an empirical qualitative study


Department of Health


NHS Improving Quality

Public health


‘Think tanks’ e.g. Kings Fund

Royal Colleges

Local healthcare providers

Non-local CCGs/ CSUs & healthcare providers

Commercial & not-for- profit providers

Best practice




Local relationships



Electronic newsletters




Organisational development



Commissioning guidance




Clinical guidelines




‘Horizon scanning’


Academic research





Improvement tools



Project management



Service &/or population data




Commissioning experience






Patient pathways



Advanced data = interrogation skills