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Table 2 Characteristics of the experimental and control groups

From: Family Group Conferences within the integrated care system for young people with ID: a controlled study of effects and costs

  Family Group Conference Control p-value
Background information    
 Number of boysa 40 (58 %) 30 (57 %) 0.880
 Average ageb 11.4 (6.3) 12.2 (5.5) 0.431
 Born in the Netherlandsa 69 (96 %) 51 (96 %) 0.477
 Mother born in the Netherlandsa 64 (90 %) 49 (93 %) 0.746
 Father born in the Netherlandsa 64 (90 %) 48 (91 %) 0.694
 No parent with IDa 23 (32 %) 21 (39 %) 0.317
 One parent with IDa 20 (28 %) 18 (34 %)  
 Both parents with IDa 28 (39 %) 14 (26 %)  
Prior history    
 Number of years the child has received careb 5.5 (4.2) 6.6 (3.9) 0.127
 Number of years the family has received careb 5.5 (4.8) 6.2 (4.7) 0.447
 Number of years the parent(s) have received careb 7.8 (5.9) 8.0 (4.9) 0.775
 Neglecta 20 (28 %) 13 (24 %) 0.650
 Sexual abusea 5 (7 %) 5 (9 %) 0.694
 Physical abusea 7 (10 %) 8 (15 %) 0.376
 Family conflicta 27 (38 %) 22 (41 %) 0.695
 Divorced parentsa 25 (35 %) 22 (41 %) 0.475
Areas of concern    
 Child functioningb 3.4 (2.0) 3.2 (1.8) 0.645
 Developmental delaya 45 (63 %) 39 (74 %) 0.229
 Social and emotional problemsa 39 (55 %) 33 (62 %) 0.413
 Oppositional defiant disordera 24 (34 %) 12 (23 %) 0.176
 Attachment problemsa 18 (25 %) 12 (23 %) 0.727
 Aggressive behavioura 13 (18 %) 7 (13 %) 0.445
Family/child-rearing environmentb 4,0 (2,2) 3,9 (2,3) 0.718
 Parent(s) with IDa 46 (65 %) 28 (53 %) 0.317
 Lack of parenting skillsa 42 (59 %) 24 (45 %) 0.126
 Family conflicta 29 (41 %) 14 (26 %) 0.095
 Mental health problems of parent(s)a 17 (24 %) 15 (28 %) 0.842
 Lack of understanding of problemsa 14 (20 %) 16 (30 %) 0.178
Wider environmentb 1.5 (1.3) 1.1 (1.2) 0.130
 Financial problemsa 20 (28 %) 20 (38 %) 0.260
 Problems in the residential environmenta 20 (28 %) 8 (15 %) 0.085
 Lack of social netwerka 10 (14 %) 4 (8 %) 0.255
  1. aAbsolute numbers and percentages bAverages and standard deviations