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Table 3 Comparison of the means of indicators of pharmaceutical expenditure (‘000) according to levels of dichotomic variables

From: Predictors of primary health care pharmaceutical expenditure by districts in Uganda and implications for budget setting and allocation

Availability of RRH (RRHAVAIL) Yes (n = 13) Std deviation No (n = 74) Std deviation Means difference t Sig. (2 tailed)
 PHCPETotal 566434.88 147749.606 284686.74 169652.114 −281748.144 −5.619 0.000
 PHCPECapita 1.1587 0.35773 1.1159 0.42920 −0.04274 −0.338 0.736
 PHCPEVist 0.9020 0.25030 1.1398 0.60613 0.23780 1.388 0.169
 PHCPEFacility 16062.9092 10805.53931 12508.2640 3608.78774 −3554.64519 −2.247 0.027
Newly created district (DISTAGE) Yes (n = 23) Std deviation No (n = 64) Std deviation Means difference t Sig. (2 tailed)
 PHCPETotal 190402.76 78370.452 375800.14 200163.186 185397.383 4.312 0.000
 PHCPECapita 1.1484 0.41230 1.1129 0.42244 −0.03546 −0.347 0.729
 PHCPEVist 1.3383 0.86995 1.0214 0.40019 −0.31689 −2.294 0.024
 PHCPEFacility 12958.6832 4150.29242 13068.4319 5790.50282 109.74865 0.083 0.934
Hard to reach district (DISTACCESS) Yes (n = 18) Std deviation No (n = 69) Std deviation Means difference t Sig. (2 tailed)
 PHCPETotal 281134.11 147940.892 338696.50 203694.745 57562.390 1.122 0.265
 PHCPECapita 1.2578 0.52717 1.0870 0.38084 −0.17081 −1.558 0.123
 PHCPEVist 1.2199 0.58504 1.0764 0.56955 −0.14350 −0.904 0.369
 PHCPEFacility 11270.8536 3246.31591 13500.7825 5741.22578 2229.92887 1.579 0.118
Availability of TA for Pharmaceutical Management (TA) Yes (n = 34) Std deviation No (n = 53) Std deviation Means difference t Sig. (2 tailed)
 PHCPETotal 413249.53 194700.748 271320.53 173902.561 −141929.001 −3.544 .001
 PHCPECapita 1.1870 0.42871 1.0808 0.40914 −0.10624 −1.160 .249
 PHCPEVist 1.0605 0.48092 1.1320 0.62806 0.07155 0.563 0.575
 PHCPEFacility 12533.7598 3121.21665 13363.8023 6438.73667 830.04242 0.700 0.486