Skip to main content

Table 1 Description of study variables

From: Predictors of primary health care pharmaceutical expenditure by districts in Uganda and implications for budget setting and allocation

Variable type Variable Description Measurement Data source
Predisposing factors DISTPOP District Population Total projected district population,2012 UNBS
PERCFEM District Female Population Percentage of Female district population, 2012 UNBS
Enabling factors RURALPOV Rural poverty Percentage of rural district population below poverty line, 2005 NHS, 2005
HDI Human Development Index Composite index generated from life expectancy, education attainment (adult literacy and gross enrolment) and Gross Domestic Product per capita UDHR, 2007
HPI Human Poverty Index; Index generated from measures of a long and healthy life (probability at birth of not surviving to age 40); Knowledge (adult illiteracy rate) standard of living (% of without sustainable access to an improved water source and % of children under-weight for age). UDHR, 2007
URBANISATION Urbanization level Percentage of district considered to be urban NC, 2002
LABOURABSRATE Labour Absorption Rate Percentage of population of working age (15–65) who are employed NC 2002
LITRATETotal Total Literacy Rate Percentage of the population age 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life. SUPR, 2008
LITRATEFemale Female Literacy Rate Percentage of the Female population age 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life. SUPR, 2008
LITRATEMale Male Literacy Rate Percentage of the Male population age 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life. SUPR, 2008
DISTAGE District Age Whether it’s a newly created district or not. = 1 if Yes; =0 if Not MOH APR 2011/12
DISTACCESS District accessibility Whether the district is characterized by MOH as hard to reach or not. =1 if Yes; =0 if Not MOH APR 2011/12
Need for health Care DPT3COVER Immunisation coverage Percentage of children fully immunized against Diphtheria, Pertusis & Tuberculosis MOH APR 2011/12
OPDCAPITA Outpatient attendance Outpatient attendance per capita MOH APR 2011/12
Policy factors TA Technical assistance Availability of donor funded Technical Assistance to the district for Pharmaceutical Management: 1 if Yes; =0 if No SURE
ACCESSWATER Access to drinking water Percentage of district population with access to Safe drinking Water SUPR, 2008
LATCOVERAGE Latrine Coverage Percentage of households with latrine SUPR, 2008
Health care resources HFGOVTOT Government Health facilities Total Number of Government Health facilities in the district (excluding hospitals) MOH FIR, 2012
HOSPTOT General Hospital services Total Number of general Hospitals, both government and private, in the district MOH FIR, 2012
HFNGO Non government health facilities Total Number of Non Government Organization (NGO) health facilities in the district MOH FIR, 2012
RRHAVAIL Referral Hospital services Availability of Regional Referral hospital in the district: Yes = 1 No = 0 MOH APR 2011/12
PERCHCII Health centre IIs Percentage of government health facilities that are HC II MOH FIR, 2012
PERCHCIII Health centre IIIs Percentage of government health facilities that are HC III MOH FIR, 2012
PERCHCIV Health Centre IVs Percentage of government health facilities that are HC IV MOH FIR, 2012
STAFFSTRENGTH Staff strength Percentage of approved staff posts filled MOH APR 2011/12
HFACCESS Health facility accessibility Percentage of the district population that live within 5 km to a health facility SUPR, 2008
  1. UHDR-Uganda Human Development Report, 2007
  2. SUPR-State of the Uganda Population Report; 2008
  3. MOH-FI-Ministry of Health Facility Inventory Report, 2012
  4. NHS-National Household Survey, 2005
  5. MOH ARP-Ministry of Health Annual Performance Report, 2011/2012
  6. SURE-Securing Ugandan’s Right to Essential Medicines Project Report 2011
  7. NC-National Census; 2002
  8. UNBS-Uganda National Bureau of Statistics