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Table 7 Coefficient estimates from multivariate regression models for amount paid for reproductive health services at health facilities

From: Community-level effect of the reproductive health vouchers program on out-of-pocket spending on family planning and safe motherhood services in Kenya

Covariates Family planning Antenatal care Delivery care Postnatal care
Study site (voucher sites = 1) −7.23(−19.82; 5.23) −41.16(−85.39; 3.06) −844.79(−1701.30; 11.71) 70.39(−207.79; 348.57)
Study round (2012 survey = 1) 32.63**(13.90; 51.37) 140.47**(65.13; 215.80) −335.19(−1119.16; 448.79) −41.61(−224.02; 140.80)
Study round × Study site −33.43**(−54.97; 11.88) −172.05**(−252.65; −91.45) −726.53(−1624.88; 171.83) −103.93(−376.60; 168.74)
Current age (single years) 1.10(−0.27; 2.28) n/a n/a n/a
Maternal age at last birth (single years) n/a 2.79(−0.21; 6.15) 111.02**(52.26; 169.79) 9.30(−13.05; 31.66)
Highest education level (secondary and above = 1) 22.11**(5.74; 38.48) 7.28(−42.27; 56.84) 600.90*(126.53; 1075.27) 58.32(17.99; 134.64)
Current marital status (married/ living together = 1) 3.27(−8.06; 14.59) 47.82(−5.83; 101.47) 169.07(−354.16; 692.31) −69.51(−212.27; 73.25)
Type of place of residence (rural = 1) 8.21(−0.84; 17.26) −55.54(−124.28; 13.19) −303.86(−978.63; 370.92) 37.37(−48.88; 123.62)
Duration of residence (5 or more years/always = 1) 0.47(−9.78; 10.72) 60.40(−10.27; 131.08) −160.04(−597.01; 276.93) 7.60(−51.26; 66.46)
Religious affiliation (Protestant/ other Christian = 1) −0.96(−14.89; 12.97) 5.48(−39.61; 50.56) 13.60(−343.87; 371.08) 50.15*(4.74; 95.56)
Poverty status (poor = 1) 2.12(−10.10; 14.34) −31.70(−79.88; 16.49) −455.64*(−888.01; −23.27) −112.22*(−212.86; −11.57)
Parity −0.17(−5.50; 5.17) −24.52**(−40.12; −8.93) −325.94**(−485.99; −165.89) −26.59(−82.13; 28.94)
Facility type (public = 1) −43.74**(−63.88; −23.59) −90.07**(−148.14; −32.00) −638.31*(−1238.26; −38.35) −11.23(−101.89; 79.43)
Constant 50.44**(22.17; 78.70) 244.07**(131.94; 356.20) 1715.90*(61.13; 3370.68) 3.19(−379.66; 386.05)
Number of cases 2,461 2,169 1,279 1,611
  1. Estimates are based on Equation (1) in the text; n/a: not applicable; 95 % confidence intervals are in parentheses; *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01