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Table 6 Coefficient estimates from multivariate regression models for proportions of women paying for reproductive health services at health facilities

From: Community-level effect of the reproductive health vouchers program on out-of-pocket spending on family planning and safe motherhood services in Kenya

Covariates Family planning Antenatal care Delivery care Postnatal care
Study site (voucher sites = 1) −0.12**(−0.18; −0.06) 0.16**(−0.25; −0.06) −0.27**(−0.37; −0.17) −0.00(−0.11; 0.11)
Study round (2012 survey = 1) −0.01(−0.06; 0.04) 0.01(−0.05; 0.06) −0.04(−0.10; 0.02) −0.09*(−0.17; −0.01)
Study round × Study site −0.01(−0.08; 0.06) −0.27**(−0.36; −0.18) −0.30**(−0.40; 0.19) −0.12*(−0.22; −0.02)
Current age (single years) 0.00(−0.00; 0.01) n/a n/a n/a
Maternal age at last birth (single years) n/a 0.00(−0.01; 0.01) 0.00(−0.00; 0.01) −0.00(−0.01; 0.00)
Highest education level (secondary and above = 1) −0.02(−0.06; 0.02) 0.01(−0.04; 0.06) 0.12(−0.03; 0.01) −0.04(−0.09; 0.00)
Current marital status (married/ living together = 1) 0.05*(0.00; 0.11) 0.04(−0.01; 0.09) 0.02(−0.04; 0.08) −0.04(−0.09; 0.02)
Type of place of residence (rural = 1) 0.02(−0.07; 0.12) −0.07(−0.18; 0.03) −0.06(−0.19; 0.07) −0.06(−0.13; 0.02)
Duration of residence (5 or more years/always = 1) −0.02(−0.06; 0.02) −0.02(−0.06; 0.02) −0.02(−0.07; 0.03) 0.01(−0.03; 0.05)
Religious affiliation (Protestant/ other Christian = 1) 0.02(−0.02; 0.06) 0.01(−0.03; 0.05) 0.01(−0.04; 0.06) 0.01(−0.03; 0.05)
Poverty status (poor = 1) −0.01(−0.05; 0.03) −0.00(−0.04; 0.04) 0.01(−0.04; 0.06) 0.02(−0.06; 0.02)
Parity −0.02**(−0.04; −0.01) 0.00(−0.01; 0.02) −0.02(−0.04; 0.00) 0.01(−0.00; 0.02)
Facility type (public = 1) −0.05*(−0.10; −0.00) 0.10*(0.02; 0.18) 0.21**(0.15; 0.28) −0.01(−0.06; 0.04)
Constant 0.90**(0.76; 1.05) 0.78**(0.61; 0.95) 0.75**(0.54; 0.95) 0.41**(0.23; 0.58)
Number of cases 2,461 2,179 1,302 1,618
  1. Estimates are based on Equation (1) in the text; n/a: not applicable; 95 % confidence intervals are in parentheses; *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01