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Table 5 Changes in payment patterns for reproductive health services at facilities by study site and survey year

From: Community-level effect of the reproductive health vouchers program on out-of-pocket spending on family planning and safe motherhood services in Kenya

Indicator Voucher sites Non-voucher sites
2010-2011 survey 2012 survey Change 2010-2011 survey 2012 survey Change
Proportions paying (%)       
 Family planning 73.8(N = 598) 71.9(N = 750) −1.9 86.3(N = 546) 85.2(N = 568) −1.1
 Antenatal care 69.1(N = 433) 42.0(N = 877) −27.1 85.0(N = 267) 85.6(N = 610) 0.6
 Delivery care 66.1(N = 221) 30.6(N = 586) −35.5 92.1(N = 140) 89.6(N = 357) −2.5
 Postnatal care 27.8(N = 209) 7.3(N = 754) −20.5 26.1(N = 138) 18.1(N = 519) −8.0
Mean amount paid (KSh)
 Family planning 50.00(N = 598) 50.00(N = 750) 0.00 61.00(N = 546) 93.00(N = 568) 32.00
 Antenatal care 136.00(N = 429) 109.00(N = 876) −27.00 178(N = 266) 317.00(N = 606) 139.00
 Delivery care 2,047.00(N = 215) 980.00(N = 581) −1,067.00 3,193.00(N = 133) 2,696.00(N = 352) −497.00
 Postnatal care 174.00(N = 204) 18.00(N = 754) −156.00 151.00(N = 137) 78.00(N = 518) −73.00
Median amount paid (KSh)
 Family planning 30.00(N = 598) 30.00(N = 750) 0 50.00(N = 546) 50.00(N = 568) 0.00
 Antenatal care 50.00(N = 429) 0.00(N = 876) −50.00 125.00(N = 266) 175.00(N = 606) 50.00
 Delivery care 500.00(N = 215) 0.00(N = 581) −500.00 2,000.00(N = 133) 1,500.00(N = 352) −500.00
 Postnatal care 0.00(N = 204) 0.00(N = 754) 0.00 0.00(N = 137) 0.00(N = 518) 0.00
  1. Non-zero positive values indicate an increase in the estimates over time; KSh: Kenya Shilling (1 USD ≈ KSh. 86)