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Table 3 Percent distribution of women by background characteristics, survey year and study site

From: Community-level effect of the reproductive health vouchers program on out-of-pocket spending on family planning and safe motherhood services in Kenya

Characteristics 2010-2011 survey 2012 survey
Voucher sites (%) Non-voucher sites (%) P-value Voucher sites (%) Non-voucher sites (%) P-value
Current age (years)    p < 0.01    p < 0.01
 15-24 34.4 28.4   37.7 27.7  
 25-34 44.8 45.8   43.9 47.7  
 35 and above 20.4 25.9   18.0 24.6  
 Don’t know 0.3 0.0   0.4 0.0  
Highest education level    p < 0.01    p < 0.01
 No schooling/pre-unit 10.2 3.1   9.8 1.9  
 Primary 67.3 67.9   67.0 65.4  
 Secondary and above 22.5 29.0   23.2 32.7  
Current marital status    p = 0.16    p = 0.09
 Never/formerly married 10.6 10.3   13.8 11.3  
 Married/living together 80.3 82.5   78.6 81.5  
 Formerly married 9.1 7.1   7.6 7.2  
Place of residence    p < 0.01    p < 0.01
 Urban 19.4 13.0   17.5 12.7  
 Rural 80.7 87.0   82.5 87.3  
Duration of residence    p < 0.05    p = 0.20
 Less than 5 years/visitor 34.7 39.1   34.9 37.2  
 5 years or more/always 65.3 60.9   65.1 62.8  
Religious affiliation    p < 0.01    p < 0.01
 Catholic 24.7 28.6   24.9 27.1  
 Protestant/other Christian 61.7 70.3   62.9 70.2  
 Muslim 6.9 0.3   5.4 0.7  
 Traditional/no religion 6.8 0.8   6.8 1.9  
Poverty status    p < 0.01    p < 0.01
 Non-poor (17–24 points) 18.7 29.1   23.3 33.0  
 Poor (8–16 points) 81.3 71.0   76.7 67.0  
Parity    p = 0.69    p = 0.42
 0 4.1 3.1   5.5 4.4  
 1-2 40.2 41.0   39.6 41.0  
 3-4 31.9 31.6   32.4 32.5  
 5 and above 23.3 23.9   22.5 22.1  
 Missing 0.5 0.5   0.0 0.1  
Number of women 1,742 1,191   1,808 1,286  
  1. Percentages may not sum to exactly 100 in some cases due to rounding; p-values are from Chi-square tests for differences between sites