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Table 2 Definition and measurement of variables used in multivariate analysis

From: Community-level effect of the reproductive health vouchers program on out-of-pocket spending on family planning and safe motherhood services in Kenya

Variable definition Measurement
Outcome variables
 Paid for family planning services 0 = No;
1 = Yes
 Paid for antenatal care services 0 = No
1 = Yes
 Paid for delivery services 0 = No
1 = Yes
 Paid for postnatal care services 0 = No
1 = Yes
 Amount paid for family planning services Continuous (ranges from KSh. 0 to KSh. 2,500)
 Amount paid for antenatal care services Continuous (ranges from KSh. 0 to KSh. 20,000)
 Amount paid for delivery services Continuous (ranges from KSh. 0 to KSh. 32,000)
 Amount paid for postnatal care services Continuous (ranges from KSh. 0 to KSh. 20,000)
Covariates
 Study site 0 = Non-voucher sites
1 = Voucher sites
 Study round 0 = 2010–2011 survey
1 = 2012 survey
 Study round × Study site Interaction term between study round and study site
 Maternal age at birth of child Single years (ranges from 14 to 48); included in models for safe motherhood services
 Current age of respondent Single years (ranges from 15 to 49); included in models for family planning services
 Education level 0 = No schooling/pre-unit/primary
1 = Secondary and above
 Current marital status 0 = Never/formerly married
1 = Married/living together
 Type of place of residence 0 = Urban
1 = Rural
 Duration of residence 0 = Less than 5 years/visitor
1 = 5 years or more/always
 Religious affiliation 0 = Catholic/Muslim/other
1 = Protestant/other Christian
 Poverty statusa 0 = Non-poor (17–24 points)
1 = Poor (8–16 points)
 Parity Ranges from 1 to 16
 Place service sought 0 = Private health facility
1 = Public health facility
  1. aBased on the poverty grading tool used by the voucher management agency to identify beneficiaries; KSh: Kenya Shilling