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Table 3 Predictors of prevalence of self-reported chronic conditions, diabetes and hypertension

From: The rising burden of chronic conditions among urban poor: a three-year follow-up survey in Bengaluru, India

Predictor variablesa Overall chronic conditions N = 637 Diabetes N = 312 Hypertension N = 379
Unadjusted odds ratio (95 % CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95 % CI) Unadjusted odds ratio (95 % CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95 % CI) Unadjusted odds ratio (95 % CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95 % CI)
Sex       
Men - -     -
Women 1.62 1.79 1.28 1.32 1.91 1.93b
(1.3,1.9) (1.3, 2.4) (1.0,1.6) (1.0,1.9) (1.5,2.3) (1.3,2.7)
Age groups (years)       
0 - ≤ 40 - -   -   -
> 40 - ≤ 60 9.6 21.97 20.56 26.79   21.69b
(4.6,20.0) (15.8,30.4) (2.7,153.3) (15.5,46.2)   (14.1,33.2)
> 60 178.64 49.14 528.42 58.81   48.93b
(88.4,360.6) (30.8,78.3) (74.0,3769.1) (31.3,110.4)   (28.6,83.5)
Monthly per capita income       
First quintile   -   -   
Second quintile 1.29 1.41 1.32 2.03 1.23 1.25
(0.9,1.7) (0.8,2.2) (0.8,2.0) (1.1,3.7) (0.8,1.8) (0.7,2.1)
Third quintile 1.17 0.96 1.10 0.98 1.00 0.86
(0.8,1.6) (0.5,1.5) (0.6,1.7) (0.5,1.9) (0.6,1.5) (0.4,1.5)
Fourth quintile 1.24 1.14 1.11 1.26 1.15 1.09
(0.9,1.6) (0.7,1.8) (0.7,1.7) (0.6,2.3) (0.7,1.7) (0.6,1.8)
Fifth quintile 1.62 1.31 1.71 1.42 1.48 1.22
(1.2,2.1) (0.8,2.0) (1.1,2.6) (0.7,2.5) (1.0,2.1) (0.7,2.0)
Household poverty status       
Above the poverty line - - - - - -
Below the poverty line 0.84(0.63–1.11) 0.99 0.66 0.58 0.86 1.07
(0.6,1.4) (0.4,1.0) (0.3, 1.0) (0.6,1.2) (0.6,1.6)
Religion       
Islam - - - - - -
Hinduism 1.12(0.9–1.3) 0.74 1.23(0.9–1.6) - 0.87(0.6–1.1) 0.53 (0.3,0.8)
(0.5,1.0)
Christianity 1.21(0.9–1.5) 1.14 0.99(0.6–1.5) - 1.02(0.7–1.5) 0.91 (0.5,1.5)
(0.7,1.8)
  1. aFor all the predictor variables, the first category mentioned serves as the referent category. Absence of data against certain predictor variables suggests that those variables were not part of the final model arrived at during multivariable logistic regression for prevalence of respective category of chronic conditions
  2. bPredictor variable is significant at p< 0.05