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Table 1 Key Questions of the Systematic Review

From: A systematic review of social, economic and diplomatic aspects of short-term medical missions

1 Have STMMs been critically analyzed with respect to normative values of volunteerism, altruism and philanthropy?
2 Have elements of professionalization of STMM activity emerged?
3 Have authors addressed basic economic principles that govern transactions between parties, in this context, between physicians and recipients of care, or other market mechanisms in STMM activity?
4 Are there data on personal costs or cost-effectiveness of STMMs?
5 Spill-over effects: Do physicians view STMMS as foreign aid? Do participating physicians view STMMs as diplomacy or as part of strategic soft power?