Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with non-visiting among empty-nest elderly in Shandong, China (2012)

From: Non-use of health care service among empty-nest elderly in Shandong, China: a cross-sectional study

Variable Univariate model Multivariate model
Non-user (%) P-value OR c a OR c 95 % CI P-value OR a b OR a 95 % CI
Predisposing factors        
Gender      NAc   
 Male 304(35.7)   1.0     
 Female 385(39.3) 0.113 1.17 0.96–1.41    
Age      NA   
 60− 349(37.1)   1.0     
 70− 272(39.0) 0.438 1.08 0.89–1.33    
 80+ 68(35.6) 0.698 0.94 0.68–1.30    
Marriage status        
 Married 540(36.5)   1.0    1.0  
 Others 149(42.5) 0.039 1.28 1.01–1.63 0.217 1.17 0.91–1.49
Education        
 Primary and below 519(40.6)   1.0    1.0  
 Junior 99(35.0) 0.082 0.79 0.60–1.03 0.469 0.90 0.68–1.20
 High or above 71(26.5) 0.000 0.53 0.39–0.71 0.007 0.64 0.46–0.88
 Enabling factors        
Residence        
 Urban 322(31.9)   1.0    1.0  
 Rural 367(44.7) 0.000 1.73 1.43–2.09 0.002 1.69 1.21–2.35
Living arrangements        
 Empty-nest singles 149(42.5)   1.0    1.0  
 Empty-nest couples 540(36.5) 0.039 0.78 0.62–0.99 0.217 1.17 0.91–1.49
Low-income household d        
 No 613(36.4)   1.0    1.0  
 Yes 76(51.4) 0.000 1.84 1.31–2.58 0.008 1.60 1.13–2.56
Insurance e        
 None 37(46.8)   1.0     
 MIUE 172(30.8) 0.005 0.51 0.31–0.81 0.059 0.62 0.38–1.02
 MIUR 81(32.8) 0.025 0.55 0.33–0.93 0.056 0.60 0.35–1.01
 NCMS 389(42.1) 0.414 0.83 0.52–1.31 0.022 0.54 0.32–0.92
 Others 10(47.6) 0.949 1.03 0.39–2.71 0.842 1.11 0.41–2.96
 Need factors        
Self-rated health      NA   
 Good 241(36.5)   1.0     
 Moderate 280(36.8) 0.899 1.01 0.82–1.26    
 Bad 168(41.0) 0.145 1.21 0.94–1.55    
NCD in the past 6 months f        
 Yes 651(36.9)   1.0    1.0  
 No 38(57.6) 0.001 2.32 1.41–3.82 0.003 2.16 1.30–3.58
  1. aORc: crude odds ratio; bORa: adjusted odds ratio
  2. CNA: not applicable
  3. dLow income household: In Chinese, we call it “Dibaohu”, which is identified as a low-income household and subsidized by local bureau of civil affairs
  4. eMIUE: Medical insurance for urban employees scheme; MIUR: Medical insurance for urban residents scheme; NCMS: New cooperative medical scheme
  5. fNCD: Non-communicable chronic disease