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Table 3 Multinomial regression model predicting the Relative Risk Ratios of a woman utilizing Maternal Health Services (2011)

From: Determinants of maternal health services utilization in Uganda

Variable/Category Desirable MHS Moderate MHS
RRR 95 % CI RRR 95 % CI
Education Level     
 None (rc) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Primary 2.28 [0.8-6.7] 0.74 [0.4-1.6]
 Secondary + *4.54 [1.5-14.0] 0.95 [0.4-2.3]
Region     
 Kampala (rc) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Central *0.33 [0.1-0.8] *0.32 [0.1-0.8]
 Eastern *0.21 [0.1-0.5] 0.77 [0.3-1.7]
 Northern *0.45 [0.2-1.0] *0.30 [0.1-0.7]
 Western *0.31 [0.1-0.8] *0.25 [0.1-0.6]
Type of Residence     
 Urban (rc) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Rural 1.13 [0.6-2.3] *0.39 [0.2-0.7]
Religion     
 Catholic (rc) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Protestant 1.17 [0.7-2.0] 0.80 [0.5-1.3]
 Muslim 1.14 [0.6-2.3] *0.24 [0.1-0.6]
 All others 2.14 [0.7-6.4] 2.83 [1.0-8.3]
Marital Status     
 Never married (rc) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Currently married 1.04 [0.4-2.8] *0.40 [0.2-0.8]
 Previously married 0.44 [0.1-2.0] 0.73 [0.3-1.9]
Wealth Index     
 Poor (rc) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Middle 0.98 [0.4-2.2] 1.35 [0.7-2.6]
 Rich *1.93 [1.0-3.7] 0.96 [0.5-1.7]
Age (continuous) 1.02 [1.0-1.1] 0.94 [0.9-1.0]
Children ever born (continuous) 0.98 [0.8-1.2] 1.11 [0.9-1.4]
Distance to health facility     
 A big issue (rc) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Not a big issue 1.93 [0.9-4.2] *2.67 [1.2-5.9]
Visited health facility in past year     
 Did not visit (rc) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Visited facility 1.45 [0.5-4.4] 0.52 [0.2-1.1]
Model Constant *0.01 [0.0-0.1] 0.84 [0.1-5.8]
  1. Note: rc = reference category; n = 1728; Wald chi-square = 170.2; pseudo R2 = 11.5 %; Base model = undesirable category
  2. *Means that variable is significant at p < 0.05