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Table 3 Empirical evaluation of the success criterion—Convergent validity with the FESV at the end of therapy [29]

From: Searching for success: Development of a combined patient-reported-outcome (“PRO”) criterion for operationalizing success in multi-modal pain therapy

  Successes Non-Successes T p Correlation
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
FESV scale 1: Depression 44.42 (8.10) 49.65 (9.08) 5.869 <.001 −.291**
FESV scale 2: Fear 44.55 (7.91) 47.35 (9.37) 3.044 <.01 −.160**
FESV scale 3: Anger 48.36 (8.29) 50.08 (8.67) 1.952 n.s.a −.101
FESV scale 4: Competences in planning 61.33 (6.01) 58.90 (6.63) −3.701 <.001 .188**
FESV scale 5: Cognitive restructuring 58.12 (7.34) 54.31 (8.25) −4.715 <.001 .237**
FESV scale 6: Sense of competence 56.55 (7.37) 52.98 (8.58) −4.327 <.001 .219**
FESV scale 7: Mental distraction 57.95 (8.55) 55.38 (8.74) −2.840 <.01 .145**
FESV scale 8: Countersteering activities 53.50 (8.80) 51.49 (9.11) −2.155 <.05 .111*
FESV scale 9: Relaxation techniques 60.64 (7.41) 58.17 (8.73) −2.870 <.01 .151**
  1. * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001
  2. a p = .052