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Table 5 Summary of outcomes and statistically significant results relating to collecting patient information

From: The impact of interventions on appointment and clinical outcomes for individuals with diabetes: a systematic review

Type of intervention Primary outcomes Studies analyzing primary outcomes Studies with significant results References
Web-based management with feedback ↓HbA1c 33 26 [68, 70, 77, 87, 89] [3643, 45, 47, 57, 61, 6567, 71, 73, 74, 76, 78, 80, 85, 86, 9092]* [72, 83]NP
↓SBP 10 3 [37, 38, 47, 85, 86, 89] [36, 78, 91]* [71]NP
↓Cholesterol 20 8 [38, 44, 45, 47, 57, 66, 74, 78, 85, 86, 92] [36, 43, 67, 70, 80, 8991]* [71]NP
↑# of provider visits 3 1 [76, 89] [61]*
↑QOL 2 0 [85] [83]NP
↑Self-efficacy 2 1 [76] [77]*
Phone/SMS/Mail ↓HbA1c 6 1 [48, 63, 81, 88] [47]* [82]NP
↓SBP 1 1 [47]*
↓Cholesterol 2 1 [47] [88]*
↑# of provider visits 2 1 [21] [46]↓*
↑Eye exam 1 1 [58]*
↑Foot exam 1 1 [58]*
↓ED visit rate 2 1 [46] [21]*
↓Hospitalization rate 2 1 [46] [21]*
↑QOL 4 2 [58, 84] [46, 63]*
↑Self-efficacy 2 2 [48, 84]*
↑SMBG testing 4 2 [63, 81] [58, 69]*
Decision support; Evidence based guidelines ↓HbA1c 7 2 [29, 49, 50, 62] [28, 33]* [51]NP
↓SBP 5 2 [29, 50, 62] [28, 49]*
↓Cholesterol 5 2 [28, 49, 50] [29, 33]*
↑# HbA1c tests 5 5 [17, 28, 49, 51, 62]*
↑# of provider visits 1 1 [28]*
↑Eye exam 5 4 [49] [17, 50, 51, 62]*
↑Foot exam 6 6 [28, 4951, 62, 75]*
Registry ↓HbA1c 3 1 [20, 26] [19]*
↓SBP 2 0 [19, 26]
↓Cholesterol 3 1 [20, 26] [19]*
↑# HbA1c tests 6 3 [13, 20, 52] [19, 26, 53]*
↑# of provider visits 2 1 [19] [20]↓*
↓ED visit rate 1 1 [20]*
↓Hospitalization rate 1 1 [20]*
↑Eye exam 1 1 [52]*
↑Foot exam 1 1 [52]*
↑QOL 1 0 [20]
Personal health records ↓HbA1c 2 1 [55] [54]*
↓SBP 1 0 [54]
↓Cholesterol 2 0 [54, 55]
↑# HbA1c tests 1 0 [54]
↑Eye exam 1 0 [54]
↑Foot exam 1 1 [54]*
  1. *indicates significant findings with p-value≤0.05; ↓=decrease, ↑increase
  2. NP p-value is not given