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Table 5 The constructs of HBM between the two groups of women who prefer a vaginal birth (VB) or a cesarean delivery (CD)

From: Factors influencing the decision that women make on their mode of delivery: the Health Belief Model

Mean ± SD
  Prefer VB (n = 246) Prefer CD (n = 73) P value
   Perceived benefits (VB) 12.61 ± 3.577 7.53 ± 4.285 <0.001 ***
   Perceived severity (VB) 2.45 ± 2.334 5.40 ± 2.419 <0.001 ***
   Perceived barriers (VB) 0.35 ± 0.548 0.45 ± 0.668 0.167
   Cues to action (VB) 1.50 ± 0.951 1.33 ± 1.131 0.208
   Perceived benefits (CD) 9.63 ± 6.035 15.66 ± 5.697 <0.001 ***
   Perceived severity (CD) 2.63 ± 1.548 1.60 ± 1.431 <0.001 ***
   Perceived barriers (CD) 2.08 ± 1.572 2.36 ± 1.513 0.180
   Cues to action (CD) 1.22 ± 1.241 2.05 ± 1.373 <0.001 ***
Logistic regression (Forward Wald): Predictive constructs for preferring CD Odd Ratio (95% CI). P-value
   Perceived benefits (CD) 1.127 (1.028–1.235) 0.011*
   Perceived benefits (CD) 0.677 (0.480–0.955) 0.026*
   Perceived benefits (VB) 0.712 (0.625–0.810) <0.0001 *
   Perceived severity (VB) 1.565 (1.264–1.938) <0.0001 *