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Table 2 Considerations when making the decision on mode of delivery: Comparison between women who prefer a vaginal birth (VB) and a cesarean delivery (CD) (n = 319)

From: Factors influencing the decision that women make on their mode of delivery: the Health Belief Model

  Prefer VB Prefer CD P-value
(n = 246) (n = 73)
n (%) n (%)
Baby’s factors    
   Health of the newborn 209 (85.0) 39 (53.4) <0.001***
   Birth trauma to the newborn 52 (21.1) 24 (32.9) 0.039*
   Respiratory trauma to the newborn 20 (8.1) 10 (33.7) 0.152
   Newborn’s birth presentation 24 (9.8) 13 (17.9) 0.059
   Large baby 23 (9.3) 16 (21.9) 0.004**
   Twins/triplets 5 (2.0) 5 (6.8) 0.038*
Maternal factors    
   Maternal health 180 (73.2) 33(45.2) <0.001***
   Advanced age for childbirth 17 (6.9) 22 (30.1) <0.001***
   Labor pain 47 (19.1) 58 (79.5) <0.001***
   Unsightly abdominal scars 63 (25.6) 5 (6.8) 0.0010**
   Worry about tearing of the perineum 18 (7.3) 19 (26.0) <0.001***
   Possible anal/urinary incontinence due to VD 6 (2.4) 19 (26.0) <0.001***
   Possible better sexual satisfaction 1 (0.4) 12 (16.4) <0.001***
Social factors    
   Natural way of delivery 122 (49.6) 13 (17.8) <0.001***
   Faster/more convenient method of delivery 7 (2.8) 18 (24.7) <0.001***
Certainty about the timing of the delivery 8 (3.3) 20 (27.4) <0.001***
   Better planning for maternity leave 8 (3.3) 20 (27.4) <0.001***
   Better planning for paternity leave 4 (1.6) 11 (15.1) <0.001***
   Medical insurance coverage 11 (4.5) 2 (2.7) 0.511
   Choosing an auspicious date 0 (0.0) 14 (19.2) <0.001***
   Women should have the right to choose 14 (5.7) 14 (19.2) <0.005**
  1. A Chi-square test was used to compare the factors that childbearing age women would take into consideration when making their decision
  2. * = P < 0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = P < 0.001