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Table 1 Methodology matrix of the study

From: Perceptions of health care providers and patients on quality of care in maternal and neonatal health in fourteen Bangladesh government healthcare facilities: a mixed-method study

Study design Methods & numbers Research instruments Respondents
Qualitative study *GDs: 14 (One group from each hospital) GD guideline: semi-structured open-ended questions with probes From district hospitals: civil surgeon, obstetrics and pediatrics consultants, anesthesiologist, nursing superintendent, and two senior staff nurses
From MCWCs: deputy director of family planning, anesthesiologist, medical officer, one nurse, and one family welfare visitor
From UHCs: upazila health and family planning officer, obstetrics and gynecology specialists, pediatrician, anesthesiologist, resident medical officer, and one nurse
**IDIs:56 (four interviews from each hospital) IDI guideline: semi-structured open-ended questions with probes From district hospitals, MCWCs, and UHCs: One laboratory technician/pharmacist, one ward master/nursing supervisor, one ancillary staff from the maternal or neonatal wards, and one cleaner
Quantitative study Exit interviews: 112 (eight exit interviews from each hospital) Structured questionnaire Patients or their attendants from maternal, labor, and neonatal wards at district hospitals, MCWCs, and UHCs
  1. GD group discussion, IDI in-depth interview, MCWC maternal and child welfare center, UHC upazila health complex