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Table 4 Crude and adjusted hazard ratios for key risk factors on lost to follow-up from multivariable Cox proportional hazard model: Men

From: Risk factors for loss to follow-up prior to ART initiation among patients enrolling in HIV care with CD4+ cell count ≥200 cells/μL in the multi-country MTCT-Plus Initiative

  Univariate Multivariable
  HR (95 % CI) P-value HR (95 % CI) P-value
Age at enrollment     
 15-29 2.4 (1.3-4.4) 0.0050 2.1 (1.2-3.5) 0.0073
 30-34 1.5 (1.0-2.3) 0.0335 1.5 (1.0-2.4) 0.0468
 35+ 1.0 - - -
Baseline CD4 count (cells/mm 3 )     
 200-349 1.0    
 350-499 1.2 (0.72-2.0) 0.4971 - -
 ≥500 1.7 (1.1-2.7) 0.0227 - -
Baseline WHO stage     
 Stage I 1.0   - -
 Stage II 0.59 (0.26-1.3) 0.1996 - -
Did not disclose HIV status to partner 1.9 (0.59-6.4) 0.2721 - -
Married or living with partner 0.99 (0.41-2.4) 0.9739 - -
≥13 years of education 0.53 (0.34-0.84) 0.0069 - -
Receiving OI prophylaxis at enrollment 0.81 (0.43-1.5) 0.5056 - -
Employed outside the home 0.66 (0.36-1.2) 0.1735 - -
BMI quartiles    -  
 <20.2 1.0 - - -
 20.3-21.9 1.0 (0.71-1.5) 0.8412 - -
 22-24.2 0.58 (0.32-1.1) 0.0744 - -
 24.3+ 0.76 (0.45-1.3) 0.3201 - -
Electricity inside the home 0.65 (0.39-1.1) 0.0883 0.61 (0.41-0.91) 0.0158
Tap water inside the home 1.0 (0.51-2.0) 0.9792 - -
≥4 people in the household 0.48 (0.32-0.71) 0.0002 0.58 (0.39-0.85) 0.0053
At least 1 child < 5 years old in the household 0.77 (0.51-1.2) 0.2151 - -
>2 hours away from the clinic 1.3 (0.51-3.1) 0.6191 - -
Year of enrollment     
 2003 1.0 - - -
 2004 1.0 (0.57-1.8) 0.9943 - -
 2005 1.3 (0.74-2.1) 0.3940 - -
 2006-2007 1.1 (0.41-2.7) 0.8960 - -