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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of patients with ≥ 1 visit after enrollment with a CD4 count ≥ 200 & WHO 1 or 2 at enrollment, MTCT-Plus Initiative, 2003-2008

From: Risk factors for loss to follow-up prior to ART initiation among patients enrolling in HIV care with CD4+ cell count ≥200 cells/μL in the multi-country MTCT-Plus Initiative

  Total Women Men
Total 4278 3613 665
Age at enrollment (median, IQR) (years) 28 (24–32) 27 (23–31) 33 (29–38)
 15-19 198 (4.6) 195 (5.4) 3 (0.5)
 20-24 1050 (24.5) 1025 (28.4) 25 (3.8)
 25-29 1361 (31.8) 1218 (33.7) 143 (21.5)
 30-34 1020 (23.8) 800 (22.1) 220 (33.1)
 35-39 453 (10.6) 302 (8.4) 151 (22.7)
 40+ 196 (4.6) 73 (2) 123 (18.5)
CD4 at enrollment (median, IQR) (cells/uL or cells/mm 3 ) 441 (319–608) 453 (325–620) 391 (287–522)
 200-349 1352 (31.6) 1091 (30.2) 261 (39.3)
 350-499 1207 (28.2) 999 (27.7) 208 (31.3)
 ≥500 1719 (40.2) 1523 (42.2) 196 (29.5)
WHO Stage at enrollment    
 I 2411 (79.7) 2905 (80.4) 506 (76.1)
 II 867 (20.3) 708 (19.6) 159 (23.9)
Pregnant at enrollment - 1677 (46.4) -
≥1 Pregnancy during follow-up - 1996 (55.2) -
Disclosed HIV status 3593 (84) 2947 (81.5) 646 (97.1)
Marital Status    
 Legally married or living with partner 3049 (71.3) 2439 (67.5) 610 (91.7)
 Not married/widowed/not living with partner 1150 (26.9) 1114 (30.8) 36 (5.4)
Education    
 ≤8 yrs 1927 (45.5) 1668 (46.2) 259 (39)
 9 - 12 yrs 1789 (41.8) 1528 (42.3) 261 (39.3)
 ≥13 yrs 486 (11.4) 349 (9.7) 137 (20.6)
OI Prophylaxis at enrollment 728 (17) 607 (16.8) 121 (18.2)
Employed outside home 1428 (33.4) 959 (24.5) 469 (70.5)
BMI (kg/m 2 )    
 <18.5 142 (3.3) 99 (2.7) 43 (6.5)
 ≥18.5 4120 (96.3) 3500 (96.9) 620 (93.2)
Electricity in the home 2636 (61.6) 2222 (61.5) 414 (62.3)
Piped water in the home 1976 (46.2) 1674 (46.3) 302 (45.4)
Adult household member enrolled at clinic - 941 (26) -
Other individuals in the household (median, IQR) 4 (3–6) 4 (3–6) 4 (3–6)
 ≤3 1668 (39) 1414 (39.1) 254 (38.2)
 4 to 5 1315 (30.8) 1089 (30.1) 226 (34)
 6 or more 1273 (29.8) 1097 (30.4) 176 (26.5)
Number of children < 5 yo in the household (median, IQR) 1 (0–1) 1 (0–1) 1 (0–1)
 None 1165 (27.2) 985 (27.3) 180 (27.1)
 1 or more 3014 (70.5) 2554 (70.7) 460 (69.2)
Travel time to clinic    
 <1 hr 3561 (83.2) 3013 (83.4) 548 (82.4)
 1-2 hrs 595 (13.9) 503 (13.9) 92 (13.8)
 >2 hrs 111 (2.6) 88 (2.4) 23 (3.5)
Year of Enrollment    
 2003 834 (19.5) 690 (19.1) 144 (21.7)
 2004 1744 (40.8) 1469 (40.7) 275 (41.4)
 2005 989 (23.1) 847 (23.4) 142 (21.4)
 2006 554 (13.0) 474 (13.1) 80 (12)
 2007 157 (3.7) 133 (3.7) 24 (3.6)