Skip to main content

Table 2 Percentage of subjects (N = 2395) with medium-high risk of malnutrition by individual variables

From: A cross-sectional survey to investigate the quality of care in Tuscan (Italy) nursing homes: the structural, process and outcome indicators of nutritional care

Variables (N) % subjects at medium-high risk of malnutrition p
Gender Males (611) 29.7 0.003
Females (1784) 36.4
Age 65–79 (641) 27.8 <0.001
80–85 (579) 32.0
86–90 (622) 36.2
>90 (553) 43.8
Severe dementia Yesb (640) 50.5 <0.001
>18 h/day bedridden Yes (205) 62.4 <0.001
Language understanding Do not understand or it is not possible to evaluate the level of comprehension (520) 55.2 <0.001
Language expression Understanding only isolated words or not expressed (579) 51.1 <0.001
Hearing Severely impaired or deaf (166) 42.8 0.002
Vision Severely impaired or blind (169) 43.8 0.001
Gastrointestinal diseases Yes (366) 36.9 0.310
Respiratory diseases Yes (403) 34.5 0.976
N diseases (DC) >4 (830) 35.1 0.643
Confusion/awareness Completely disoriented (994) 43.1 <0.001
Nervousness Easily irritable (516) 37.8 0.002
Restlessness/calmness Restless, unable to sit still (198) 38.4 <0.001
Physical impairment Severea (1344) 45.3 <0.001
Cognitive impairment Severec (1089) 47.3 <0.001
N hospital admissions 1 or more (490) 36.5 0.491
Disability during eating Severed (590) 55.1 <0.001
Enteral nutrition Yes (79) 65.8 <0.001
Syringed feeding Yes (44) 77.3 <0.001
Parenteral nutrition Yes (32) 59.4 0.003
Texture modified diet Yes (414) 54.8 <0.001
Enriched diet Yes (87) 72.4 <0.001
Dysphagia Yes (58.1 %) 36.8 0.054
Lunch location Dining room (2128) 31.6 <0.001
Bedroom (214) 59.3
Teeth Edentulous without dentures/bridges (399) 60.7 0.001
  Edentulous with dentures/bridges (636) 39.8
  1–20 teeth without bridges (571) 47.1
  1–20 teeth with bridges (338) 32.8
  >20 teeth (201) 35.8
Totals 34.7  
  1. aBarthel scale score 60–100
  2. bLevel 7 of the Global Deterioration Scale
  3. cPfeiffer test score > 7
  4. dEBS score > 12