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Table 2 Characteristics of the included studies

From: High performing hospitals: a qualitative systematic review of associated factors and practical strategies for improvement

Study Country N sites in sample frame N sites identified as HPS N HPS investigated Characteristics of high performing sites
Bradley et al. (2006) [10] USA 151 35 11 - 111-870 beds
- 3 teaching, 8 non-teaching
- Located in 5 regions
Mannion et al. (2005) [44] UK 6a 4a 2 - NS
Sautter et al. (2007) [37] USA 54 NS 2 - 1 suburban and 1 urban site
- Large teaching hospitals
Cherlin et al. (2013) [112] USA 11a 7a 7 - 6 teaching sites and 1 non-teaching site
- Located in 4 regions
- All non-profit
Landman et al. (2013) [32] USA 11a 7a 7 - 317-855 beds
- 6 teaching sites, 1 non-teaching site
- Located in 4 regions
Rangachari (2008) [31] USA 4a 2a 2 - 2 large teaching hospitals
- Located in Manhattan
Baumann et al. (2007) [47] UK 6a 6a 6 - 1 unitary authority
- 2 shire counties
- 1 London borough
- 2 metropolitan boroughs
Rose et al. (2012) [45] USA 100 13a 3 - Anticoagulation clinics in Veterans Health Administration sites
Keroack et al. (2007) [34] USA 79 5 3 - NS
Hockey and Bates (2010) [42] USA NS NS 3 - 2 academic medical centers
- 1 community hospitals
Adelman (2012) [41] USA 16a 16a 4 - 3 regional sites
- 1 community site
- All not-for-profit
- 2080 -14,000 employees
VanDeusen Lukas et al. (2010) [36] USA 7 4 4 - Medical centres in one network in the Department of Veterans Affairs
Kramer et al. (2008) [40] USA 76 Not identifieda 8 - 3 academic sites
- 5 community sites
- Located in 8 regions
- 2 in medium sized cities
- 3 in large cities
- 3 in very large cities
Parsons and Cornett (2011) [35] USA 15a 15a 15 - Not-for-profit hospitals
- Located in 7 regions
- 130–1000 beds
Curry et al. (2011) [38] USA 11a 7a 7 - 6 teaching sites
- 1 non-teaching site
- Located in 4 regions
- 317-855 beds
Puoane et al. (2008) [33] South Africa 11 NSa 2 - Remote hospitals
- District hospitals
Stanger et al. (2012) [43] UK 277 NS 7 - NS
Kane et al. (2009) [109] USA 71 36 6 - Non-profit
- Non-teaching
- Non-rural
- Acute hospitals
Olson et al. (2011) [48] USA 960a 10a 7 - NS
  1. HPS = high performing sites
  2. NS = information not stated in paper
  3. aClarification sought and provided by corresponding author via email