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Table 1 The participants’ characteristics and HSOPSC* scores

From: Are measurements of patient safety culture and adverse events valid and reliable? Results from a cross sectional study

Variables (no of participants) Department 1 Department 2 Statistics
Participants’ characteristics    
Male / female (167) 105 (83%)/21 (17%) 33 (80%)/8 (20%) ns (p = 0.64)
Age (years) (169)    ns (p = 0.09)
 ≤30 26 (20%) 4 (10%)
 31 – 40 31 (24%) 6 (15%)
 41 – 50 33 (25%) 14 (36%)
 51 – 60 33 (25%) 12 (31%)
 >60 7 (5%) 3 (7%)
Profession (170)    p < 0.001
 physician 21 (16%) 5 (13%)
 registered nurse 92 (71%) 22 (55%)
 auxiliary nurse 16 (12%) 2 (5%)
 other 1 (1%) 11 (28%)
Length of service (years) (174)    ns (p = 0.86)
 ≤1 13 (10% 3 (7%)
 1 – 5 35 (26% 15 (37%)
 6 – 10 40 (30%) 8 (20%)
 11 – 15 21 (16%) 6 (15%)
 16 – 20 7 (5%) 2 (5%)
 >20 17 (13%) 7 (17%)
HSOPSC*    
Unit level – mean scores (SD) 3.62 (0.42) 3.90 (0.37) p < 0.001
Unit level – mean proportion (%) of positive response (SD) 59.8 (20.7) 71.5 (18.4) p = 0.001
Hospital level – mean (SD) 3.35 (1.53) 3.67 (0.53) ns (p = 0.19)
Hospital level – mean proportion (%) of positive response (SD) 37.1 (26.4) 62.6 (27.1) p < 0.001
Patient safety grade – mean (SD) (154) 3.40 (0.59) 3.79 (0.50) p = 0.002
No of events reported -mean (SD) (155) 2.2 (1.2) 1.6 (0.9) p = 0.006
  1. *HSOPSC = Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture.