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Table 3 Predicted total utility by stakeholder group, before and after proposed payment reform

From: How to reform western care payment systems according to physicians, policy makers, healthcare executives and researchers: a discrete choice experiment

Geographical area Stakeholder group Total utility of status quo Total utility after proposed payment reform Relative difference*
Canada Physician 0.61 0.48 −0.21
Policy maker −0.04 0.82 21.50
Healthcare executive 0.37 0.48 0.30
Researcher 0.42 1.18 1.81
Oceania Physician 1.57 1.18 −0.25
Policy maker 0.92 1.52 0.65
Healthcare executive 1.33 1.18 −0.11
Researcher 1.38 1.88 0.36
Eastern Europe Physician 0.22 1.40 5.36
Policy maker −0.43 1.74 4.05
Healthcare executive −0.02 1.40 70.00
Researcher 0.03 2.10 69.00
Western Europe Physician 0.96 0.80 −0.17
Policy maker 0.31 1.14 2.68
Healthcare executive 0.72 0.80 0.11
Researcher 0.77 1.50 0.95
United States Physician 1.00 1.23 0.23
Policy maker 0.35 1.57 3.49
Healthcare executive 0.76 1.23 0.62
Researcher 0.81 1.93 1.38
  1. *Relative difference is the difference between the total utility after proposed payment reform and the total utility of the status quo, expressed relatively to the total utility of the status quo.