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Table 3 Significant explanatory variables for ‘liberation’ procedure

From: Predictors of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency procedure use among older people with multiple sclerosis: a national case–control study

Category Variable Procedure No Procedure EXP ß
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD (95% CI))
Satisfaction with Conventional Health Care Neurologist Helpfulness Rating (rated 1–5) 2.93 ± 1.46* 3.94 ± 1.09 0.54*
(0.43-0.66)
Mental Health Diagnosed Anxiety 5/95 (5.26%)** 45/285 (15.79%) 0.30***
(0.11-0.77)
MS
Severity
Physical Impact of MS (MSIS-29) 64.46 ± 19.06* 55.32 ± 20.20 1.02*
(1.01-1.04)
Participation (FAI Domestic Activities) 12.88 ± 5.20*** 14.45 ± 5.22 0.95***
(0.91-0.99)
Lifestyle/Overall Health Number of Co-morbid conditions 1.92 ± 1.76** 2.61 ± 2.12 0.83**
(0.73-0.95)
Body Mass Index (BMI) 23.81 ± 4.66** 25.79 ± 6.07 0.94**
(0.91-0.98)
Resources Living Situation “I live alone” 8/95 (8.42%)* 68/285 (23.86%) 0.293**
(0.14-0.64)
  1. *p < 0.001 **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.05.