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Table 3 Determinants of coping strategies for various household shocks

From: Economic consequences of ill-health for households in northern rural India

  Do nothing Spend savings Sell animals/land/assets Work more hours Send children to work Assistance from relatives Borrow from money-lenders Borrow from bank/ SHG Buy less food Reduce non-food expenses
Proportion elderly 0.06 0.08 0.012 −0.09 −0.028 −0.043 0.06 −0.049 −0.074 −0.033
Proportion children −0.022 0.077 −0.039 −0.025 −0.064** 0.048 0.164** −0.016 0.035 −0.009
Proportion reproductive age −0.052 0.071 −0.006 0.198* −0.028 0.08 0.06 −0.008 −0.053 −0.104
Scheduled caste/tribe −0.013 −0.041 −0.003 −0.04 −0.003 0.001 0.026 0.015 −0.041 −0.028
Hindu 0.005 0.029 −0.002 0.021 −0.024 −0.045 0.027 0.036* 0.071 0.059
SHG −0.013 −0.045* 0.002 −0.02 0.01 0.009 0.005 0.040** −0.014 −0.003
Pratapgarh 0.092** 0.192** −0.055** −0.023 0.004 0.058* −0.197** −0.001 −0.108** −0.133**
Vaishali −0.128** 0.164** −0.032* −0.173** −0.054** −0.037 0.324** −0.003 0.021 0.147**
Middle wealth third 0.045** 0.009 0.024 −0.057 0.001 −0.054** −0.081** 0.025 −0.025 −0.015
Upper wealth third 0.021 0.105** 0.050** −0.069* −0.012 −0.034 −0.131** 0.049** −0.057* −0.034
Crop, livestock 0.111** −0.113** 0.008 −0.07 0.018 −0.024 −0.03 −0.003 −0.145** −0.02
k disease           
Illness or death −0.026 −0.042 0.013 −0.049 0.014 0.028 0.061* −0.025* −0.014 0.025
Job loss/no salary −0.009 −0.189** −0.004 −0.127 0.057 0.037 −0.046 0.096** 0.139* −0.055
Fall in sale price −0.015 −0.144* −0.008 0.027 0.059 0.014 0.003 −0.005 0.233** −0.243**
Rise input price −0.034 −0.023 −0.009 0.087 −0.028* −0.034 0.002 0.021 0.169 −0.232*
Conflict −0.064** 0.275** −0.050** 0.279**   −0.092** −0.214** −0.051** 0.295** −0.230*
Wedding −0.043* −0.04 0.031 −0.03 0.039* 0.137** 0.202** −0.005 −0.042 −0.077
Baseline probability 0.120 0.430 0.069 0.551 0.050 0.135 0.322 0.067 0.302 0.486
Observations 5426 5426 5426 5426 5364 5426 5426 5426 5426 5426
Pseudo R2 0.155 0.041 0.035 0.034 0.070 0.032 0.183 0.042 0.093 0.034
  1. Notes: Marginal effects from probit regression. Data on shocks level. Coping strategies are not mutually exclusive. Results are only shown for coping strategies with a baseline probability higher than 0.05. Natural disasters are the omitted shocks category. Standard errors are adjusted for clustering of observations on household level. **significant at 5%, *significant at 10%.