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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratio with 99% confidence intervals of receiving specific utilization outcomes during the 2-year follow-up period based on the timing and adherence of physical therapy

From: Implications of early and guideline adherent physical therapy for low back pain on utilization and costs

  Adjusted OR Confidence interval
Timing: Early vs. Delayed   
Advanced imaging 0.52 0.50. 0.54
Spinal injection 0.56 0.53, 0.59
Lumbar surgery 0.59 0.54, 0.65
Opioid use 0.62 0.60, 0.64
Content: Adherent vs. Non-Adherent   
Advanced imaging 0.72 0.69, 0.76
Spinal injection 0.82 0.77, 0.87
Lumbar surgery 0.85 0.75, 0.96
Opioid use 0.97 0.93, 1.01