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Table 1 Demographics and baseline co-morbid characteristics for entire sample and based on physical therapy utilization

From: Implications of early and guideline adherent physical therapy for low back pain on utilization and costs

  All patients (n = 753,450) PT user (n = 122,723) No PT Referral (n = 630,727) Physical therapy timing (n = 122,723) Physical therapy adherence (n = 71,559)
Early (n = 72,641) Delayed (n = 50,082) Adherent (n = 30,917) Non-adherent (n = 40,642)
Age 36.9 (12.5) 35.0 (11.8) 37.2 (12.6) 34.4 (11.9) 35.9 (11.6) 36.2 (12.2) 37.7 (12.4)
Gender (% female) 46.8% 42.2% 47.7% 41.8% 42.8% 45.6% 52.0%
Index visit co‐payment $6.26 (26.5) $3.25 (14.4) $6.85 (28.2) $3.51 (13.7) $2.86 (15.3) $4.37 (15.9) $6.02 (18.6)
Common beneficiary category        
  Dependents of active duty or guard/reserve on active duty 19.5% 16.2% 20.2% 15.3% 21.2% 17.9% 21.8%
Retired 14.6% 9.6% 15.5% 8.6% 15.2% 12.0% 13.5%
All others 21.3% 14.6% 22.6% 14.5% 22.6% 18.1% 22.0%
Active duty and guard/reserve on active duty 44.6% 59.7% 41.7% 61.7% 41.% 52.0% 42.6%
Number of LBP diagnosis codes 1.5 (1.5) 1.4 (1.3) 1.5 (1.6) 1.5 (1.3) 1.3 (1.2) 1.5 (1.3) 1.8 (1.7)
Number of prescription medications 14.2 (10.5) 14.5 (10.6) 14.2 (10.5) 13.7 (10.4) 15.7 (10.8) 14.9 (10.7) 15.1 (10.8)
Co‐morbid mental health condition 17.% 15.6% 17.2% 15.3% 16.1% 16.3% 17.0%
Co‐morbid fibromyalgia diagnosis 2.9% 2.9% 2.9% 3.2% 2.4% 2.9% 3.8%
Co‐morbid neck/thoracic spine condition 9.1% 11.% 8.7% 12.7% 8.6% 10.2% 12.9%
Opioid use prior to index visit 34.2% 34.6% 34.1% 34.9% 34.2% 35.0% 36.0%
Hospitalization prior to index visit 7.2% 7.3% 7.2% 7.2% 7.4% 7.8% 7.7%
Total medical costs prior to index visit $3515.62 (7357.68) $3801.43 (8453.37) $3459.24 (7120.32) $3838.39 (9057.89) $3747.74 (7488.64) $3915.49 (9512.67) $3801.73 (7407.62)
  1. Values represent mean (standard deviation) unless otherwise indicated.