Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics (mean and standard deviation) of the CMA of Montreal 1 : DA-level variables

From: Neighbourhood immigration, health care utilization and outcomes in patients with diabetes living in the Montreal metropolitan area (Canada): a population health perspective

  CMA of Montreal Socially wealthy (Q1) Socially deprived (Q5) Materially wealthy (Q1) Materially deprived (Q5)
Low immigration (Q1) High immigration (Q5) Low immigration (Q1) High immigration (Q5) Low immigration (Q1) High immigration (Q5) Low immigration (Q1) High immigration (Q5)
Number of DAs 6,009 339 95 214 200 230 40 184 502
Total population 3,606,770 183,780 66,070 119,950 137,220 138,455 43,145 99,540 302,645
Immigration score2 0 (3.7) −4.5 (0.5) 5.1 (1.4) −4.5 (0.5) 5.3 (1.5) −4.4 (0.5) 4.6 (1.0) −4.6 (0.5) 6.3 (1.9)
Social deprivation score2 0 (1.9) −2.5 (0.7) −2.6 (0.8) 2.8 (1.1) 2.3 (0.7) −1.8 (1.3) −1.2 (1.6) 1.7 (2.1) 0.7 (1.3)
Material deprivation score2 0 (1.9) −1.3 (1.5) −0.5 (1.8) 1.6 (1.5) 1.7 (1.5) −2.5 (0.7) −2.4 (0.7) 2.5 (0.9) 2.7 (0.8)
DA-level variables 3          
% of people with maternal language other than French or English 21.5 (19.5) 3.3 (2.6) 49.6 (11.6) 3.3 (2.3) 42.4 (11.4) 3.6 (2.8) 39.7 (8.4) 3.1 (2.6) 55.8 (14.8)
% of people who do not speak French or English 1.6 (2.8) 0.02 (0.2) 4.9 (3.9) 0.03 (0.18) 4.2 (3.6) 0.01 (0.14) 2.9 (1.3) 0.04 (0.25) 6.5 (4.6)
% of recent immigrants* (<5 years) 4.5 (6.6) 0.2 (6.6) 5.8 (7.5) 0.3 (0.8) 13.0 (7.4) 0.2 (0.7) 6.8 (6.4) 0.2 (0.6) 13.4 (9.1)
% of immigrants* (5–10 years) 2.5 (3.6) 0.1 (0.5) 5.5 (4.2) 0.1 (0.4) 7.0 (5.1) 0.2 (0.5) 5.5 (3.4) 0.1 (0.4) 6.8 (4.9)
% of immigrants* (10–15 years) 2.6 (3.6) 0.1 (4.6) 6.8 (5.2) 0.1 (0.4) 6.7 (4.2) 0.1 (0.5) 5.9 (3.0) 0.1 (0.4) 7.6 (4.5)
% of immigrants* (15–25 years) 3.4 (4.0) 0.2 (6.7) 9.2 (3.9) 0.2 (0.5) 6.9 (4.3) 0.2 (0.6) 8.9 (3.7) 0.2 (0.6) 8.2 (4.7)
Average income (x 1000) 34.3 (16.2) 40.2 (11.3) 37.6 (15.1) 27.7 (6.2) 23.6 (6.0) 46.1 (11.6) 53.2 (13.9) 25.2 (5.2) 20.4 (3.9)
Employment rate 62.2 (12.0) 73.2 (8.6) 63.7 (9.9) 53.6 (15.7) 50.0 (9.2) 77.4 (7.5) 69.8 (5.9) 49.9 (13.9) 48.2 (7.7)
% of people without high school certificate 22.0 (10.7) 19.4 (9.0) 18.7 (10.0) 31.9 (9.1) 26.1 (12.8) 12.6 (4.4) 10.7 (4.1) 38.9 (7.3) 35.0 (8.6)
% of separated, divorced or widowed people 18.3 (6.8) 12.4 (2.4) 10.4 (2.2) 30.6 (7.9) 24.6 (4.8) 14.2 (4.2) 14.0 (4.6) 27.2 (10.2) 28.9 (4.7)
% of people living alone 13.4 (10.1) 3.4 (2.2) 4.6 (5.0) 23.8 (10.1) 23.7 (8.6) 4.8 (4.0) 10.6 (8.2) 19.8 (12.5) 14.2 (7.2)
% of single-parental families 18.1 (10.7) 7.7 (5.4) 8.3 (5.6) 26.0 (11.4) 31.2 (12.2) 10.9 (7.0) 10.9 (6.8) 21.0 (12.7) 27.2 (11.3)
  1. *Among the total population.
  2. 1Results from the 2006 Canadian census of population
  3. 2Immigration score as well as Social and Material scores are obtained from principle component analyses (see the Methods section and Table 1).
  4. 3Mean and standard deviation (weighted by the DA population).