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Table 2 Factors associated with adherence to anti diabetic medication

From: Adherence to anti diabetic medication among patients with diabetes in eastern Uganda; a cross sectional study

Variable Adherence OR (95% CI) p-value
Yes [n,(%)] No [n,(%)]
Perceived benefits of DM drugs     
A lot of benefits 251 (85.9) 41 (14.1) 1.00  
Some benefits 182 (75.2) 42 (24.8) 0.64 (0.40 – 1.02) 0.063
Duration on DM drugs     
Less or equal to 3years 198 (77.6) 57 (22.4) 1.00  
More than 3 years 235 (88.7) 30 (11.3) 2.25 (1.38 – 3.66) <0.001
Type of DM drugs taken     
Orals only 241 (80.3) 50 (19.3) 1.00  
Injections only 182 (87.9) 25 (12.1) 1.78 (1.07 – 2.96) 0.024
Both oral and injections 10 (81.8) 3 (18.2) 1.10 (0.23 – 5.24) 0.903
Do you get all the prescribed drugs     
Sometimes 133(74.2) 43 (25.8) 1.00  
Always 297 (87.9.) 41 (12.1) 2.56 (1.56 – 4.16) 0.001
Ever experienced side effects     
Yes 56 (76.7) 17 (23.3) 1.00  
No 365 (84.9) 65 (15.1) 1.70 (0.93 – 3.12) 0.080
Time when last seen by the health worker     
Less or equal to one month 211 (82.4) 45 (17.6) 1.00  
More than one month 214 (84.6) 39 (15.6) 1.17 (0.73 – 1.87) 0.430
Use of alternative medicine     
Yes 53 (69.7) 23 (30.3) 1.00  
No 367 (85.9) 60 (14.1) 2.65 (1.50 – 4.68) <0.001
Ever had diabetic education     
No 8 (61.5) 5 (38.5) 1.00  
Yes 421 (84.2) 79 (15.8) 3.33 (1.06 – 11.10) 0.029
Understanding the drug regimen     
Yes 415 (83.5) 82 (16.5) 1.00  
No 16 (73.7) 7 (26.3) 0.55 (0.19 – 1.58) 0.262
Reminders to take drugs     
Radio/TV 87 (86.1) 14 (13.9) 1.00  
Watch/clock 126 (84.0) 24 (26.0) 0.84 (0.41- 1.72) 0.643
Phones 73 (84.9) 13 (15.1) 0.90 (0.39 - 2.04) 0.808
Shadows 8 (88.9) 1 (11.1) 1.28 (0.14 – 11.2) 0.818
Others 108 987.1) 16 (12.9) 1.08 (0.50 – 2.35) 0.833
None 30 (61.2) 19 (38.8) 0.25 (0.10 – 0.56) 0.006