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Table 3 Unadjusted costs (by cost category) and QALY at 18-month follow-up

From: Cost-utility analysis of a preventive home visit program for older adults in Germany

Cost category Intervention group (n = 133)* Control group (n = 145)*
Total costs   
 Mean (SD) 20,195 (21,689) 21,028 (24,384)
Intervention costs   
 Mean (SD) 73 (22) 0 (0)
Inpatient services   
 Mean (SD) 3,479 (8,183) 3,809 (8,603)
Outpatient services (physician)   
 Mean (SD) 857 (1,198) 575 (531)
Outpatient services (non-physician)   
 Mean (SD) 462 (823) 406 (1,323)
Medication   
 Mean (SD) 1,385 (1,197) 1,426 (1,462)
Medical devices   
 Mean (SD) 425 (992) 321 (1,137)
Nursing home care   
 Mean (SD) 1,228 (5,833) 2,197 (8,519)
Ambulatory care (nursing service)   
 Mean (SD) 2,228 (4,280) 1,987 (4,430)
Informal care   
 Mean (SD) 8,802 (16,714) 7,434 (16,287)
Modification of buildings   
 Mean (SD) 205 (1,142) 44 (331)
Transportation   
 Mean (SD) 113 (163) 145 (262)
QALY   
 Mean (SD) 0.8256 (0.4029) 0.8270 (0.4097)
  1. *Differences from n = 149 and n = 155 owing to missing values, due to withdrawn consent and no data on service use retrievable; outpatient services (non-physician) contains: physiotherapy, occupational therapy, logopedics, sports therapy, massage, thermal therapy).