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Table 2 Comparison of sample characteristics at baseline (n = 304)

From: Cost-utility analysis of a preventive home visit program for older adults in Germany

Characteristics Intervention group (n = 149) Control group (n = 155) p-value
Age (years)    0.72*
 mean (SD) 84.85 (3.54) 84.70 (3.47)  
Female: n (%) 99 (66.44) 111 (71.61) 0.33**
Living situation : n (%)    0.72**
 Alone 94 (63.09) 105 (67.74)  
 With spouse/partner 43 (28.86) 43 (27.74)  
 With relatives 8 (5.37) 6 (3.87)  
 Other 3 (2.01) 1 (0.65)  
Training qualification: n (%)    0.67**
 None 29 (19.46) 34 (21.94)  
 Vocational training 93 (62.42) 89 (57.42)  
 University 27 (18.12) 32 (20.65)  
Level of care dependency: n (%)    0.16**
 None 122 (81.88) 113 (72.90)  
 Level I 25 (16.78) 38 (24.52)  
 Level II 2 (1.34) 4 (2.58)  
 Level III 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00)  
EQ-5D index    0.92*
 mean (SD) 0.59 (0.28) 0.60 (0.28)
EQ VAS    0.64*
 mean (SD) 58.41 (19.27) 59.36 (16.50)
18-month costs (€; 2008)    0.49*
 mean (SD) 16,568 (22,221) 18,451 (25,685)
  1. *t-test (p-values based on non-parametric bootstrapping (4000 replications)); **Chi2-test; SD: Standard deviation.