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Table 3 Frequency distribution and chi-square analysis of the willingness to participate in the proposed NHI

From: Willingness to participate and Pay for a proposed national health insurance in St. Vincent and the grenadines: a cross-sectional contingent valuation approach

Variables Willingness to participate (n = 278) Not willing to participate (n = 122) Total (n = 400) Chi2 P value
Demographic Characteristics
Age      
<30 years 71 (84.52%) 13 (15.48%) 84 (21.00%)   
31- 45 years 106 (77.94%) 30 (22.06%) 136 (34.00%) 35.77 <0.001 ***
46 – 60 years 57 (65.52%) 30 (34.48%) 87 (21.75%)   
>60 years 44 (22.80%) 49 (77.2%) 93 (23.25%)   
Sex      
Male 145 (72.86%) 54 (27.14%) 199 (49.75%) 2.11 0.146
Female 133 (66.17%) 68 (33.83%) 201 (50.25%)   
Marital status      
Married 114 (65.14%) 61 (34.86%) 175 (43.75%) 2.79 0.095
Single/Divorced/widowed 164 (72.89%) 61 (27.11%) 225 (56.25%)   
Number of household members      
2 or less 99 (65.56%) 52 (34.44%) 151 (37.75%) 3.97 0.137
3 - 5 137 (74.46%) 47 (25.54%) 184 (46.00%)   
More than 5 42 (64.62%) 23 (35.38%) 65 (16.25%)   
Location      
Rural 139 (62.26%) 74 (34.74%) 213 (53.25%)   
Sub-urban 59 (72.84%) 22 (27.16%) 81 (20.25%) 7.23 0.065
Urban 48 (82.76%) 10 (17.24%) 58 (14.50%)   
Grenadines 32 (66.67%) 16 (33.33%) 48 (12.00%)   
Socio-economic status
Education      
Primary 93 (54.71%) 77 (45.29%) 170 (42.50%)   
Secondary 91 (71.65%) 36 (28.35%) 127 (31.75%) 40.84 <0.001 ***
Tertiary 94 (91.26%) 09 (8.74%) 103 (25.75%)   
Income      
< $500 46 (42.20%) 63 (57.80%) 109 (27.25%)   
$501 - $1000 81 (71.05%) 33 (28.95%) 114 (28.50%) 59.32 <0.001 ***
> $1000 151 (85.31%) 26 (14.69%) 177 (44.25%)   
Employment      
Employed 198 (84.62%) 36 (15.38%) 234 (58.50%)   
Self-employed 44 (58.67%) 31 (41.33%) 75 (18.75%) 68.38 <0.001 ***
Not employed 17 (43.59%) 22 (56.41%) 39 (9.75%)   
Retired 19 (36.54%) 33 (63.46%) 52 (13.00%)   
Health
Self-rated health status      
Excellent 11 (44.00%) 14 (56.00%) 25 (6.25%) 29.37 <0.001 ***
Very good 60 (56.60%) 46 (43.39%) 106 (26.50%)   
Good 96 (70.07%) 41 (29.93%) 137 (34.25%)   
Fair 58 (82.85%) 12 (1.71%) 70 (17.50%)   
Poor 53 (85.48%) 09 (14.52%) 62 (15.50%)   
Other
Health insurance ownership      
Yes 78 (97.5%) 02 (2.50%) 80 (20.0%) 36.99 <0.001 ***
No 200 (62.50%) 120 (37.50%) 320 (80.00%)   
Level of satisfaction with the public health care system      
Not Satisfied 90 (84.91%) 16 (15.09%) 106 (26.50%) 18.40 <0.001 ***
Neutral 31 (73.80%) 11 (26.19%) 42 (10.50%)   
Satisfied 157 (62.30%) 95 (37.70%) 252 (63.00%)   
  1. *** p < 0.001.