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Table 1 Risk factors in Malawi compared to African Region and global averages

From: National health research system in Malawi: dead, moribund, tepid or flourishing?

Health risk factors Malawi African Region Global
Population using improved drinking-water sources (%) (2011) 84 64 89
Population using improved sanitation (%) (2011) 53 34 64
Population using solid fuels (%) (2010) >95 77 41
Preterm birth rate (per 100 live births) (2010) 18 12 11
Infants exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life (%) (2012) 71 35 38
Children aged < 5 years (%) (2012) Wasted 4.1 10.4 8.0
Stunted 47.8 40.9 25.7
Underweight 13.8 25.2 15.7
Overweight 9.2 7.9 6.6
Prevalence of raised fasting blood glucose among adults aged ≥ 25 years (%) (2008) Male 6.4 8.3 9.2
Female 6.2 9.8 9.2
Prevalence of raised blood pressure among adults aged ≥ 25 years (%) (2008) Male 44.5 38.1 29.2
Female 39.4 35.5 24.8
Adults aged ≥20 years who are obese (%) (2008) Male 2.6 5.3 10.0
Female 6.2 11.1 14.0
Alcohol consumption among adults aged ≥15 years (litres of pure alcohol per person per year) (2008) 1.4
Prevalence of smoking any tobacco product among adults aged ≥15 years (%) (2009) Male 26 17 36
Female 4 3 8
Prevalence of current tobacco use among adolescents aged 13–15 years (%) (2010) Male 17 20 18
Female 11 13 11
Prevalence of condom use by adults aged 15–49 years during higher risk sex (%) (2011) Male 25
Female 27
Population aged 15–24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%) (2011) Male 34
Female 28
  1. Source: WHO [1].
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