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Table 3 Determinants of providing informal care giving hours

From: Economic valuation and determinants of informal care to disabled people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

  High care giving hours Medium care giving hours Low care giving hours
  Marginal effect (SD) P Marginal effect(SD) p Marginal effect(SD) P
Moderate dependence 0.141 (0.033) <0.001*** −0.023 (0.008) 0.007*** −0.118 (0.025) <0.001***
Severe dependence 0.329 (0.035) <0.001*** −0.091 (0.017) <0.001*** −0.238 (0.021) <0.001***
Heavy dependence 0.443 (0.032) <0.001*** −0.135 (0.018) <0.001*** −0.308 (0.019) <0.001***
Formal care in-home 0.136 (0.047) 0.004*** −0.027 (0.014) 0.064* −0.108 (0.032) 0.001***
Formal care out-of-home −0.026 (0.034) 0.450 0.001 (0.001) 0.307 0.024 (0.033) 0.461
N       1298
LR chi2       370.52
Prob > chi2       0.0000
Pseudo R2       0.1374
  1. Results of the ordered probit model.
  2. Significance level at 99% (***) and 90% (*). Dependent variable: Annual caregiving hours. Control variables: age, gender, educational level, degree of dependency, whether the caregivers live at the same home or not, size of the municipality where the patient resides, Autonomous Community, formal in-home care received and formal out-of-home care received. Source: EDAD-08. Analysis using individual terms.