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Table 1 Distribution of individual patient characteristics by hospital admission status

From: Effects of continuity of care on hospital admission in patients with type 2 diabetes: analysis of nationwide insurance data

  Unit*: persons (%)
Characteristics Yes No   Total P-value
Age (years)       
20–29 492 (6.8) 6,723 (93.2) 7,215 <.0001
30–39 1,977 (4.3) 44,169 (95.7) 46,146  
40–49 7,415 (3.7) 190,437 (96.3) 197,852  
50–59 11,885 (3.3) 348,114 (96.7) 359,998  
60–69 13,715 (3.3) 402,021 (96.7) 415,736  
≥70 19,308 (5.6) 323,871 (94.4) 343,179  
Sex       
Male 25,861 (3.6) 690,913 (96.4) 716,774 <.0001
Female 28,931 (4.4) 624,422 (95.6) 653,353  
Health insurance type       
National health Insurance 43,077 (3.4) 1,209,520 (96.6) 1,252,597 <.0001
Medical Aid 11,262 (10.2) 98,692 (89.8) 109,953  
Others 453 (6.0) 7,123 (94.0) 7,577  
Severity       
0 9,654 (2.1) 446,796 (97.9) 456,450 <.0001
1 26,600 (3.8) 672,502 (96.2) 699,102  
2 15,438 (7.8) 182,160 (92.2) 197,598  
≥3 3,100 (18.3) 13,877 (81.7) 16,977  
Number of combination hypoglycemic agents       
No medication 27,131 (6.6) 386,204 (93.4) 413,335 <.0001
1 agent 13,192 (2.9) 438,165 (97.1) 451,358  
2 agents 10,977 (2.7) 393,227 (97.3) 404,204  
≥3 agents 3,492 (3.4) 97,738 (96.6) 101,230  
Diabetic medication       
No medication 27,131 (6.6) 386,204 (93.4) 413,335  
Oral 25815 (2.8) 907507 (97.2) 933,323  
Insulin injection or pump 1846 (7.9) 21623 (92.1) 23,469  
Main attending clinic       
General hospital 24,315 (7.1) 319,543 (92.9) 343,858 <.0001
Hospital 7,300 (7.7) 88,053 (92.3) 95,353  
Clinical 21,600 (2.5) 833,908 (97.5) 855,508  
Public health center 1,577 (2.1) 73,830 (97.9) 75,407  
Number of had tested §       
None 13,454 (4.3) 300,036 (95.7) 313,489 .0035
1 35,615 (4.0) 864,939 (96.0) 900,554  
≥2 5,723 (3.7) 150,361 (96.3) 156,084  
Medication Prescription Days       
0 days & Severity = 0″ 699 (1.9) 35,430 (98.1) 36,130 <.0001
0 days & Severity ≥1‴ 2,277 (4.3) 50,523 (95.7) 52,799  
1–179 18,308 (8.4) 198,914 (91.6) 217,222  
180–269 10,969 (6.1) 169,360 (93.9) 180,330  
270–359 15,846 (3.4) 451,804 (96.6) 467,650  
≥360 6,692 (1.6) 409,304 (98.4) 415,996  
Level of continuity       
High (COC scores ≥0.75) 27,508 (2.7) 984,191 (97.3) 1,011,698 <.0001
Low (COC scores <0.75) 27,285 (7.6) 331,144 (92.4) 358,428  
  1. *Weighted frequency (weighted percent).
  2. used larger value whether number of complications related to diabetes mellitus or PCCL (Patient Clinical Complexity Level) using KDRG code.
  3. §Tests included: HbA1c test, Glucose test, Lipid profiles and Fundus examination (fundus examination, fundus photography and fluorescence fundus angiography);
  4. ″Patients did not need medications; ‴patients who need medication but did not take prescriptions.