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Table 5 Health care costs (in Swiss francs) in an elderly population (≥65 years of age) with and without multimorbidity

From: Multimorbidity, health care utilization and costs in an elderly community-dwelling population: a claims data based observational study

Health care costs mean (SD) per year Total study sample (n = 229493) Non-multi-morbid (n = 53741) Multi-morbid (n = 175752) Sign.
Health care costs     
Total 6711 (11325) 1515 (3774) 8301 (12342) ***
Inpatient 1616 (5847) 238 (2264) 2038 (6505) ***
Outpatient 3410 (5678) 983 (2185) 4152 (6187) ***
Inpatient costs     
Acute hospitals 1468 (5345) 213 (1886) 1852 (5968) ***
Psychiatric hospitals 48 (1142) 10 (597) 60 (1262) ***
Others (e.g. rehabilitations) 100 (1052) 15 (623) 126 (1150) ***
Outpatient costs     
Primary care physicians 479 (598) 146 (280) 581 (632) ***
Specialists 849 (1397) 322 (735) 1010 (1508) ***
Home care nursing services 337 (2202) 60 (910) 421 (2459) ***
Hospital outpatient visits 905 (3592) 228 (1333) 1112 (4015) ***
Others (e.g. paramedical visits) 840 (1704) 227 (620) 1028 (1877) ***
  1. ***p-value <0.001 **p-value <0.01 *p-value <0.05.