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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of an elderly population (≥65 years of age) with and without multimorbidity

From: Multimorbidity, health care utilization and costs in an elderly community-dwelling population: a claims data based observational study

Baseline characteristics n (%) Total study sample (n = 229493) Non-multi-morbid (n = 53741) Multi-morbid (n = 175752) Sign.
Gender     ***
Male 98'124 (42.8) 24'936 (46.4) 73'188 (41.6)  
Female 131'369 (57.2) 28'805 (53.6) 102'564 (58.4)  
Age group     ***
65-69 66'190 (28.9) 22'156 (41.2) 44'034 (25.1)  
70-74 56'073 (24.4) 14'157 (26.3) 41'916 (23.8)  
75-79 45'720 (19.9) 8'553 (15.9) 37'167 (21.1)  
80-84 34'803 (15.2) 5'137 (9.6) 29'666 (16.9)  
85+ 26'707 (11.6) 3'738 (7.0) 22'969 (13.1)  
Linguistic region     ***
German 174'171 (75.9) 43'624 (81.2) 130'547 (74.3)  
French 34'864 (15.2) 6'413 (11.9) 28'451 (16.2)  
Italian 20'024 (8.7) 3'592 (6.7) 16'432 (9.3)  
Rhaeto-Romanic 434 (0.2) 112 (0.2) 322 (0.2)  
Insurance plan     
Managed care 94'421 (41.1) 24'316 (45.2) 70'105 (39.9) ***
Higher deductible 30'419 (13.3) 17'212 (32.0) 13'207 (7.5) ***
Accident coverage 224'891 (98.0) 51'900 (96.6) 172'991 (98.4) ***
Home care nursing dependency 19'549 (8.5) 867 (1.6) 18'682 (10.6) ***
Chronic conditions [mean, (SD)] 3.29 (2.19) 0.47 (0.50) 4.15 (1.73) ***
Purchasing power     ***
1 (high) 45'653 (19.9) 11'517 (21.4) 34'136 (19.4)  
2 45'709 (19.9) 11'175 (20.8) 34'727 (19.8)  
3 45'902 (20.0) 10'370 (19.3) 35'339 (20.1)  
4 45'924 (20.0) 10'285 (19.1) 36'020 (20.5)  
5 (low) 46'305 (20.2) 10'394 (19.3) 35'530 (20.2)  
  1. ***p-value <0.001 **p-value <0.01 *p-value <0.05.