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Table 1 Per-protocol study characteristics

From: Cost-effectiveness of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG): evidence from a cluster randomized controlled trial in Zambia and Zimbabwe

  Early application Later application
n (%) n (%)
N° of women 366 466
  Zambia 200 327
 Zimbabwe 166 139
Mean age (standard deviation) 26.9 (5.9) 27.2 (6.3)
Median parity (IQR) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3)
Gestational age (≥24 weeks) 37.7 (2.6) 37.4 (2.9)
Diagnosis   
 Complications of abortion*** 15.6% 36.2%
 Postpartum uterine atony*** 42.1% 28.7%
 Retained placenta* 25.1% 19%
 Lacerations/Genital trauma** 13.1% 7.5%
 Placental abruption 0.8% 4.5%
 Placenta previa 0.8% 1.1%
 Ectopic pregnancy 0.5% 1.3%
 Ruptured uterus 0.3% 1.2%
 Placenta accreta* 1.4% 0.0%
 Molar pregnancy 0.3% 0.4%
Median (IQR) estimated revealed blood loss at study entry (ml) 500 (480–700) 500 (500–800)
  1. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05.
  2. Note: Wilcoxon Rank Sum test utilized to test all continuous variables due to non-normality. Chi-square test used for categorical values except where noted.