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Table 3 Adjusted effects of socio-cultural capital and economic capital on binary maternal health-seeking behaviours

From: A mediation approach to understanding socio-economic inequalities in maternal health-seeking behaviours in Egypt

Utilisation of maternal services (1) Direct effect of socio-cultural capital (2) Direct effect of economic capital (3) Total effect of socio-cultural capital (4) % of total effect of socio-cultural capital mediated by economic capital
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) ΣΔp (95% CI) % (95% CI)
Any ANC use 1 1.55 (1.40 to 1.72) 2.18 (1.92 to 2.48) 0.10 (0.09 to 0.11) 42% (38% to 48%)
ANC in first trimester 1 1.13 (0.98 to 1.30) 2.08 (1.75 to 2.46) 0.05 (0.04 to 0.07) 73% (57% to 100%)
Regular use of ANC 2 1.20 (1.01 to 1.42) 2.31 (1.85 to 2.89) 0.03 (0.02 to 0.04) 66% (53% to 90%)
Private ANC use 1 1.79 (1.57 to 2.04) 1.91 (1.61 to 2.26) 0.12 (0.10 to 0.13) 31% (27% to 35%)
Facility delivery use 3 1.31 (1.16 to 1.47) 2.12 (1.84 to 2.45) 0.08 (0.06 to 0.09) 52% (44% to 65%)
Private delivery facility 4 1.51 (1.34 to 1.70) 1.80 (1.55 to 2.11) 0.13 (0.11 to 0.15) 35% (30% to 42%)
Public ANC free of charge 5* 2.08 (1.39 to 3.10) 0.56 (0.32 to 0.97) 0.12 (0.04 to 0.21) 0%
Public delivery free of charge 4* 1.30 (0.88 to 1.90) 0.69 (0.43 to 1.10) 0.03 (−0.04 to 0.10) not applicable
  1. 95%CI: 95% confidence interval. OR: Odds ratio associated with one unit increase in capital score.
  2. ΣΔp: Total effect of socio-cultural capital was calculated as the sum of the changes in probability of outcome based on both indirect (mediated by economic capital) and direct effects.
  3. *Free public care was assessed in subsample of women with a birth in the 12 month period preceding the survey.
  4. 1Adjusted for age group, parity, household status, pregnancy wanted, unmet need and region.
  5. 2Adjusted for age group, parity, household status, pregnancy wanted, unmet need, region, and private ANC provider use.
  6. 3Adjusted for age group, parity, household status, pregnancy wanted, unmet need, region, any ANC use, and information on delivery complications.
  7. 4Adjusted for age group, parity, household status, pregnancy wanted, unmet need, region, any ANC use, information on delivery complications, and delivery by c-section.
  8. 5Adjusted for age group, parity, household status, pregnancy wanted, unmet need, region, and regular ANC.