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Table 1 Distribution of demographic, socio-economic and delivery-related variables in study samples

From: A mediation approach to understanding socio-economic inequalities in maternal health-seeking behaviours in Egypt

Characteristics Sample of women All women with live birth in recall period ANC users Facility delivery users
All ANC cost available All Delivery cost available
Recall period 5 years 1 year 5 years 1 year 1 year 5 years 1 year 1 year
Sample name A B C D E F G H
Sample size 7,896 2,581 5,861 2,058 1,994 5,715 1,962 1,724
Age group 14-19 (%) 9.2 10.9 9.4 10.8 10.7 9.3 11.0 10.9
  20-24 32.5 35.6 33.5 36.2 36.1 31.8 35.6 35.5
  25-29 30.6 29.8 31.1 30.4 30.4 31.2 30.0 29.9
  30-34 16.6 14.7 15.7 14.0 14.1 16.4 14.3 14.1
  35-39 8.7 7.5 8.2 7.3 7.3 8.9 7.7 8.0
  40-49 2.4 1.5 2.1 1.3 1.4 2.4 1.4 1.6
  X 2 p value <0.001   0.824*   0.750*
Parity 1 (%) 26.6 34.0 30.6 37.4 37.3 30.6 38.4 37.9
  2 28.1 26.9 28.8 26.5 26.4 29.0 26.9 27.8
  3 21.6 19.8 21.2 19.2 19.4 21.2 19.1 18.9
  4 or more 23.7 19.3 19.4 16.9 16.9 19.2 15.6 15.4
  X 2 p value <0.001   0.254*   0.219*
Household status Female head (%) 78.0 73.6 79.3 74.5 74.6 79.7 74.7 73.9
  X 2 p value <0.001   0.241*   0.033*
Desire for pregnancy Unwanted (%) 15.3 14.0 13.7 12.1 12.3 13.7 12.3 12.8
  Wanted 84.7 86.0 86.3 87.9 87.7 86.3 87.7 87.8
  Missing <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 0.0 <0.1 <0.1 0.0 <0.1
  X 2 p value 0.003   0.182*   0.110*
Need for contraception Unmet (%) 12.2 12.7 11.3 11.8 11.8 11.4 12.7 12.8
  X 2 p value 0.428   0.811*   0.695*
Region Urban (%) 38.2 37.4 43.8 41.8 41.5 45.3 43.0 43.6
  Rural 61.8 62.6 56.2 58.2 58.5 54.7 57.0 56.4
  X 2 p value 0.419   0.066*   0.189*
C-section delivery Yes (%) 29.2 31.5 34.3 35.5 35.4 40.3 41.5 42.7
  X 2 p value 0.007   0.744*   0.005*
Socio-cultural capital Mean 0.027 0.061 0.137 0.134 0.132 0.138 0.146 0.152
  (SE) (0.0118) (0.0158) (0.0123) (0.0166) (0.0165) (0.0128) (0.0172) (0.0178)
  T test p value 0.001   0.155**   0.142**
Economic capital Mean 0.064 0.063 0.177 0.148 0.145 0.198 0.175 0.177
  (SE) (0.0133) (0.0169) (0.0139) (0.0178) (0.0172) (0.0144) (0.0184) (0.0195)
  T test p value 0.968   0.106**   0.379**
  1. SE: standard error. Complex survey design (weighting, clustering and stratification) was accounted for in calculations of proportions and sample sizes reported.
  2. *Testing the hypothesis that users of ANC/facility delivery services in the last year before survey who had missing data in the variable for cost of those services were drawn from the same population as users with available cost information.
  3. **T test p value testing that the difference in mean SEP scores between samples of women is 0.