Skip to main content

Table 3 Sociodemographic and health-related characteristics associated with nonuse of mental health services among subjects with a depressive mood (age ≥ 19 years)

From: Sociodemographic factors associated with the use of mental health services in depressed adults: results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)

Variable Adjusted model a
OR (95% CI)
Sociodemographic factors
Gender
 Men 1.07 (0.66–1.75)
 Women 1.00  
Age group, years
  ≥ 65 2.55 (1.13-5.76)
 50–64 1.63 (0.82-3.24)
 35–49 1.04 (0.59-1.84)
 19–34 1.00  
Residential region
 Urban 1.08 (0.72–1.62)
 Rural 1.00  
Education level, years
  ≤ 6 1.87 (0.97-3.60)
 7–9 2.35 (1.19-4.64)
 10–12 1.66 (1.07-2.56)
  ≥ 13 1.00  
Marital status
 Widowed 1.40 (0.84–2.34)
 Divorced 1.29 (0.67–2.45)
 Never married 1.39 (0.74–2.62)
 Married 1.00  
Employment status
 Unemployed 0.47 (0.32–0.67)
 Employed 1.00  
Monthly household income
  < US$1000 0.65 (0.41–1.03)
  ≥ US$3500 0.89 (0.54–1.46)
 US$1000 to < US$3500 1.00  
National health insurance type
 Medical aid 0.82 (0.50–1.36)
 National insurance 1.00  
Health-related factors
Smoking status
 Current 1.11 (0.66-1.88)
 Past 1.00 (0.57-1.66)
 Never 1.00  
Alcohol consumption status
 Current 1.10 (0.76-1.61)
 Past or never 1.00  
Subjective health status 0.71 (0.60-0.85)
Perceived usual stress
 Very high 0.94 (0.44-1.99)
 High 1.19 (0.58-2.45)
 Low 1.45 (0.70-3.01)
 Little 1/.00  
Ever diagnosed with a chronic disease
 Arthritis
  Yes 0.68 (0.45-1.02)
  No 1.00  
 Diabetes
  Yes 1.77 (1.02-3.08)
  No 1.00  
 Hypertension
  Yes 1.02 (0.67-1.56)
  No 1.00  
 Angina
  Yes 1.04 (0.44-2.48)
  No 1.00  
 Asthma
  Yes 0.65 (0.35-1.21)
  No 1.00  
Intercept (coefficient, CI) 2.9133 (1.8018-4.0248)
  1. OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval, if OR > 1 then less use of mental health services, and OR < 1 then more use of mental health services.
  2. aAdjusted model: adjusted for sociodemographic and health-related factors (smoking status, alcohol consumption status, usual stress awareness, subjective health status, and ever diagnosed with a chronic disease such as arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, angina, or asthma).