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Table 2 Sociodemographic and health-related characteristics according to use or nonuse of mental health services among subjects with a depressive mood (age ≥19 years)

From: Sociodemographic factors associated with the use of mental health services in depressed adults: results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)

Variable Mental health services use during the previous year
Use ( n  = 269) Nonuse ( n  = 2466) Unadjusted model a
n % n % OR (95%CI)
Sociodemographic factors
Gender
 Men 56 7.4 726 92.6 1.48 (1.05-2.10)
 Women 213 10.6 1740 89.4 1.00  
Age group, years
  ≥ 65 69 8.1 759 91.9 1.35 (0.85-2.13)
 50–64 65 8.1 680 91.9 1.34 (0.86-2.10)
 35–49 82 11.0 621 89.0 0.96 (0.63-1.48)
 19–34 53 10.6 406 89.4 1.00  
Residential region
 Urban 211 9.9 1762 90.1 1.27 (0.87-1.85)
 Rural 58 8.0 704 92.0 1.00  
Education level, years
  ≤ 6 98 8.9 1048 91.1 1.48 (1.00-2.19)
 7–9 29 7.3 307 92.7 1.85 (1.00-3.27)
 10–12 85 9.3 688 90.7 1.41 (0.94-2.12)
  ≥ 13 56 12.6 411 87.4 1.00  
Marital status
 Widowed 39 8.0 429 92.0 1.30 (0.88-1.92)
 Divorced 16 10.0 134 90.0 1.06 (0.61-1.87)
 Never married 30 8.9 284 91.1 1.16 (0.72-1.87)
 Married 184 10.2 1069 89.8 1.00  
Employment status
 Unemployed 175 13.0 1180 87.0 0.48 (0.35-0.64)
 Employed 94 6.6 1254 93.4 1.00  
Monthly household income
  < $1000 167 10.8 1445 89.2 0.72 (0.49-1.07)
  ≥ $3500 48 8.9 427 91.1 0.90 (0.55-1.46)
 $1000 to < $3500 48 8.1 518 91.9 1.00  
National health insurance type
 Medical aid 33 12.5 204 87.5 0.73 (0.47-1.14)
 National insurance 235 9.4 2234 90.6 1.00  
Health-related factors
Smoking status
 Current 48 7.9 506 92.1 1.33 (0.89-1.98)
 Past 36 9.4 376 90.6 1.11 (0.72-1.70)
 Never 185 10.3 1583 89.7 1.00  
Alcohol consumption status
 Current 170 10.5 1538 89.5 1.16 (0.84-1.60)
 Past or never 99 9.2 926 90.8 1.00  
Subjective health status
 Very good 5 7.7 60 92.3 1.31 (1.09-1.58)
 Good 40 6.1 580 93.9
 Fair 73 8.5 763 91.5
 Poor 113 12.7 795 87.3
 Very poor 38 13.6 256 86.4
Perceived usual stress
 Very high 67 13.2 407 86.8 0.50 (0.27-0.91)
 High 117 10.0 1022 90.0 0.72 (0.40-1.27)
 Low 71 7.3 865 92.7 1.00 (0.55-1.81)
 Little 14 8.5 171 91.4 1.00  
Ever diagnosed with a chronic disease
 Arthritis
  Yes 72 12.6 541 87.4 0.98 (0.49-0.94)
  No 197 8.9 1925 91.1 1.00  
 Diabetes
  Yes 23 6.4 258 93.6 1.59 (0.96-2.64)
  No 246 9.8 2208 90.2 1.00  
 Hypertension
  Yes 66 9.1 616 90.9 1.08 (0.76-1.52)
  No 203 9.7 1850 90.3 1.00  
 Angina
  Yes 10 9.1 101 90.9 1.06 (0.48-2.33)
  No 259 9.6 2365 90.4 1.00  
 Asthma
  Yes 20 16.2 121 83.8 0.53 (0.29-0.95)
  No 249 9.2 2345 90.8 1.00  
Presence of chronic diseasesb 120 10.5 1063 89.5 0.85 (0.63-1.15)
  149 9.1 1403 90.9 1.00  
  1. aSubjective health status was performed as continuous variable.
  2. bWith one or more of five chronic diseases: arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, angina, and asthma.